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Julia vs Python: Who will rule the Programming?

Anand Prakash By Anand Prakash | June 10, 2020
julia vs python

With the advent of advanced programming, we have entered the world of open-source technologies. Developers are becoming more aware of the properties and functionalities possessed by these languages. They are becoming easier for attaining multiple programming paradigms.

Previously, programmers are more focused on C/C++, advanced JAVA, visual basics, etc to build codebases. But today, languages like Python and Julia have established a stable footprint in the 21st-century programming world.

Developers and programmers today work in unique programming languages. This post is explaining all the factors of two well-known programming dialects – Julia vs Python. One is the most used and preferred while Julia has advanced towards cutting edge AI and ML ventures. 

Among the many use cases that Python covers, developers mostly got significant results without any hassle. The Python programming paradigm is stacked with libraries, and development tools that can be helpful to build dynamic solutions.

Julia is introduced recently with the essence of quick coding and performance as compared to Python. Developers find it preferable for logical and arithmetic coding. While Python isn’t quick but mostly utilized for building machine learning projects.

In order to know more differences between Julia and Python, this post is perfect to gain knowledge. So, before we jump further into this Julia vs Python comparison guide, we should know them quickly – from highlights to advantages and disadvantages:

What is Python: A brief introduction

Python is a programming language that was acquired to ease the work of developers communicating their ideas in fewer lines of code. It was made by Guido van Rossum in 1991 and further created by the Python Software Foundation. Python is a programming language that lets you work rapidly and incorporate frameworks all the more productively. 

Python was also one of the preferred blockchain programming languages of the year in 2018. It is very well known among information researchers and AI experts specifically and is broadly utilized for Artificial Intelligence. 

It was proven as a universally useful programming language that is sans messiness, straightforward, moderate however exceptionally extensible. Python is an incredible fit for amateurs to learn, comprehend, and code in Python.

Before we move on to Python advantages and other relatable factors, let’s discuss some of its dynamic programming features:

Key Features

GUI Programming Support: 

Graphical User interfaces can be made utilizing a module, for example, PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython, or Tk in python. PyQt5 is the most famous alternative for making graphical applications with Python. 

Enormous Standard Library 

Python has an enormous set of standard libraries which gives a rich arrangement of modules. Hence, you don’t need to compose your own code for each and everything. There are numerous libraries present in python for, for example, standard articulations, unit-testing, internet browsers, and so forth. 

Object-oriented Approach 

One of the key parts of Python is its item situated methodology. This essentially implies Python perceives the idea of class and object distribution. In this manner, permitting projects to be effective over the long haul.

These features are integrating more towards flexible programming and developers will have more access to complex projects. These features result in some great Python advantages and making it an outclass programming language.

Python Advantages

  • Python is anything but dynamic to learn for even a fledgling developer.
  • Its code is anything but relevant to peruse and you can do a lot of things just by taking a gander at it. 
  • You can execute a lot of complex functionalities effortlessly, because of the standard library. 
  • Python has plenty of systems that make web programming truly adaptable. 
  • Offers ascend to brisk advancement by utilizing less code. Indeed, even a little group can deal with Python successfully. 
  • Permits scaling even the most mind-boggling applications easily.

Apart from these amazing benefits, Python has some downsides that can make it less competitive in the future. Let’s discuss them in the next section of Python vs Julia guide:

Python Cons

  • Python isn’t generally preferred language for building solutions for portable devices. 
  • Python is certainly not a decent decision for memory-concentrated undertakings. 
  • It’s close to difficult to assemble a high-realistic 3D game utilizing Python. 
  • It has constraints with databases. 
  • Python isn’t useful for multi-processor/multi-center work.

Now that you have read Python advantages, features, and its drawbacks, it’s time to know the tool or framework to write and run the codebases. Let’s move on to it:

Framework: Django

The full-stack tool Django is one of the most preferred web development frameworks for creating Python applications. Truth be told, it wound up being one of the main web frameworks of 2020. Django structure follows the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) guideline.

  • Key highlights:-
  1. A plethora of ready-to-use libraries
  2. Authentication support
  3. Database schema migrations
  4. Object-relational mapper (ORM)
  5. Support for web servers
  6. Template engine
  7. URL routing

In contrast to other people, the open-source full-stack Python structure offers plenty of highlights as well as individual libraries. Django utilizes its ORM for mapping articles to database tables which is one of the key differences between Julia and Python.

top apps built on python

Python has been an extremely popular choice among the developers, and now Julia has come to confront the challenges it has. To start discussing it further in this Julia vs Python guide, let’s know about Julia in brief:

What is Julia: A potential competitor to Python

An ongoing participant is Julia, an MIT-made programming language built with

  • the desire of speedy C language, easiness of Python,
  • the dynamism of Ruby,
  • the scientific ability of MatLab,
  • and the measurable slashes of R.

Experts portray it as a language for developers “who need everything”

Built-up just seven years, Julia is as yet a general niche language contrasted with integrations like Python. However, the newcomer has additionally discovered potential as a language for building machine learning algorithms and models.

It has been expressed that Julia, as a programming language, can possibly contend and beat the programming king Python. Julia has been rising as a potential contender for Python with prevalent features. Let’s move towards them:

Key features

  • High-Performance JIT Compiler

The Just-in-time compiler is also called a dynamic interpretation, which is an arrangement done during execution of a program. It can also be used at run time before execution.

Regularly this comprises interpretation to machine code, which is then executed yet can likewise allude to interpretation to another organization.

  • Designed for Cloud Computing

Julia provides some key building blocks for top cloud computing trends .This makes it flexible enough to support some styles of parallelism, and allowing users to add more. This computation gets distributed across all available compute nodes, and the result, reduced by summation (+), is returned to the calling node.

  • Source-to-source compiler

A Julia2C source-to-source compiler from Intel Labs is available. This compiler is a fork of Julia that implements the same Julia language syntax. It emits C code instead of native machine code, as an intermediate language, for functions or whole programs.

These features can help developers overcome the challenges they face with python. This results in some great Julia language advantages.

So the next section is about pros and cons of Julia:

Pros of Julia

  • Julia was made to beat the programming time vs runtime issue. 
  • The implicit bundle director covers 1900+ enrolled bundles (and the number continuously developing). 
  • The most astounding component of Julia is its parallelism. 

Cons of Julia

  • Bundles do have a reasonable piece of bugs, reliability issues, and arbitrary little characteristics. 
  • It can’t troubleshoot tools. 
  • Fewer community networks.

As you have read the pros and cons of Julia language, you will know how to handle the codes using this language. But, which framework is built to utilize it! Get to know about it in the next section:

Framework: Genie

Genie is a full-stack MVC web framework that gives a smoothed out and effective work process for creating present-day web applications. It expands on Julia’s qualities (elevated level, elite, dynamic, JIT-aggregated), uncovering a rich API and an amazing toolset for profitable web improvement. 

Genie packages a huge number of incredible code generators that handle an assortment of errands, from bootstrapping another application (with the correct record structure and all) to including controllers and models.

top companies using julia

In the light of Julia vs Python speed and programming, it has a lot quicker execution when contrasted with Python and R programming language. Julia offers help for big data trends by performing complex undertakings. For example, distributed computing and parallelism, which assume a principal job in examining Big Data.

As Julia vs Python is about comparing the key factors, you will get all the relevant factors that can make this guide worth for developers to compare. Let’s get started:

Julia vs Python: A comparison worth knowing

julia vs python comparison

Accessibility

Mainstream researchers form a key fragment of the intended interest group of Julia. These communities are unique in relation to the android app developers as it centers explicitly around science-based programming. 

With regards to information science, Julia has a preferred position over Python. Julia’s linguistic structure for numerical activities is much the same as how you compose scientific formulae and this makes it a perfect language for logic programming. 

Python is positively a more easy to use as compared to top programming languages; If you have a place with the logical programming network, at that point Julia will probably be your decision. 

Speed and Accuracy 

It tends to be effortlessly observed that in Julia vs Python speed comparison, Julia gets the incentive. The essential component contributing here is, Julia isn’t deciphered; it is rather ordered utilizing the quick LLVM system. 

Julia gives brisk outcomes without numerous advancements and is superb at numerical registering. In any case, Python has been enhancing this factor from the front (enhancements to multi-center and equal preparation). 

Libraries 

One of the significant downsides of Julia is that bundles aren’t all around kept up. It takes excessively long to at first plot information anyway Julia can directly interface with libraries in C. Since Julia is moderately new to the way of life of programming, consequently it will require developing libraries to prosper all alone. 

Python, then again, has a lot of libraries and thus it makes the work simple for each extra undertaking. Julia needs the number of libraries that Python has and thus there is ease because of its rich arrangement of libraries. So in this Python vs Julia comparison, Python leads the way.

Execution 

Working with the shell is very simple in Julia as all the variables get available in the shell. The language can access shell commands to open, alter and spare records and for different purposes. 

A similar undertaking in Python isn’t so straight forward. Essentially, working with Shell queries is a lot simpler in Julia than in Python. Julia is route ahead than Python in such a manner.

The same comparison has been seen with Java vs Python comparison where Java is more suitable for smoother execution.

Code and Indexing 

This is one of the major differences between Julia and Python, through which developers can judge them and know what’s good for what

It is simpler to change over code from Python and additionally C to Julia. In any case, the opposite way around isn’t unreasonably simple. Changing over code from Python to C or C to Python is far increasingly troublesome. 

In any case, Julia, as a programming language, can interface with outside libraries that are very elegantly composed in C and Fortran. Information can be effortlessly imparted to Python utilizing the Pycall library

Adaptability 

Julia is a lot quicker and scientifically better; this aids Julia to serve scholastics better. Julia was established at MIT by academicians, and therefore, it is equipped towards scholarly programming, much like MATLAB or Statistica. The fewer bundles and designers utilizing Julia bargain different parts of broadly useful programming. 

Python has a more extensive scope of bundles accessible for various assignments. Such as relational arithmetic (NumPy) to picture controls (PILLOW) and even web development (FLASK).

Python can be utilized as a language for full-stack development and sending apps on the web and in the various work areas of android frameworks. 

Community

Talking about Julia vs Python communities, Julia has a developing and growing network, however it is moderately new and, subsequently, a lot littler. Python brags of an entirely tremendous and supportive network.

It is a lot simpler to get help on various sites, including python documentation and stack flood. The same number of individuals code in Python, which is more than Julia. 

As a fledgling in any language, having an enormous network of experienced engineers that can help with issues/mistakes in code is an immense aid. In this manner, it is fit that a great many people start with mainstream dialects like Python, C, or Java. 

Tooling Support 

You will like to quit a programming language with incredible tooling bolster when you attempt a product development project. That is a characteristic and normal perspective when you begin taking a shot at any product improvement undertakings. 

In this situation, Python is the path ahead than Julia. Programming communities have built great tooling support for Python, but there is yet a work in progress for Julia.

Julia doesn’t bolster and follow the same number of extraordinary tools for investigating or settling execution issues as Python does. 

Nobody can foresee what will occur later on, yet one can be certain that there will be a savage rivalry between the two dialects. In spite of the fact that Julia is quicker and considerably more appropriate for academics, Python beats it as far as getting, acknowledgment, and a very much created network.

Julia vs Python Industrial Growth: Jobs & Market Demand

Due to Python advantages, versatility and popularity over the last couple of years, it’s not surprising that the average Python Developer makes $92K per year according to Glassdoor. It’s remarkably high volume towards the job market shows that Python is so well versed in today’s job market that it offers competitive salaries throughout the industry.

Over the past few years, Julia has quickly climbed the ranks of the world’s most popular languages. It’s still not as popular as Python, but nonetheless is now a top-50 language in the Tiobe index and is considered one to watch by developer analyst firm RedMonk.   

On average, Julia developer earns around $60k per year as analyzed through the stats of Glassdoor. The market demand for Julia developers is growing rapidly and the software development industry has identified the core significance of these developers.

Moreover, downloads of Julia have grown 78 percent since January 2018, from 1.8 million to 3.2 million downloads. The number of Julia packages from the Julia developer community has also expanded significantly, now numbering 2,462, up from 1,688 packages at the beginning of last year.   

Julia vs Python: the winner?

This above comparison makes it pretty clear that both Julia and Python have a very close relationship. Now the one working in your favor should be your chosen programming language. All that is required is learning and sharpening your skills of these programming languages and then it can be used to attain your objectives.

If you still have some doubts, connect with our experts to explore more about the languages. 

FAQs

Q- Which is the best programming language to learn first?

Python has established its foothold in the past decade and is still
chosen by thousands of developers across the world. To start with core programming, Python is the most preferred choice and then it will be better to learn Julia. Since Julia has some properties that Python
possesses, it will be a lot easier to learn it once you know about Python programming.

Q- What are the differences between Julia and Python?

Comparing these programming languages from coding aspects,
Julia is better than Python in speed and learning. However, Python is extremely
popular as an established coding language due to its large community.
Moreover, Python is always a better choice for Machine Learning (ML) and Julia is
preferred for algorithmic and syntax coding.

Q- Is Julia better than Python for ML projects?

In some aspects like speed and libraries, it can overcome the challenges of Python-related to algorithmic coding. However, Python has earned the trust of millions of developers across the world from the past few decades.
So, it will be a tough competition between them to make their way towards ML coding.

Anand Prakash
Anand Prakash

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez Mobitech. A tech enthusiast who has broad expertise in delivering end to end software solutions. He is an expert technocrat ho has in-depth knowledge and is highly experienced in delivering solutions for Android, Xamarin, Ethereum Smart Contracts, ASP.net.

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