15 Top Programming Languages: Be an Expert Blockchain Developer

From geek tech to mainstream acceptance, Blockchain technology has completed its transition and is now entering domains from healthcare to banking. The technology is overwhelming and fascinating that can describe the future in a more sophisticated manner. 

Updated 23 February 2024

Anand Prakash
Anand Prakash

VP – Pre Sales at Appventurez

From geek-tech to mainstream acceptance, Blockchain technology has completed its transition and is now entering domains from healthcare to banking. The technology is overwhelming and fascinating and can describe the future in a more sophisticated manner. 

The technology’s hype which was gaining media attention is now dying slowly, giving more organic and natural growth to blockchain technology. Also, cryptocurrency users are no longer restricted to just the financial sector and are entering into the zone of real estate to digital ID management. 

Thus, it will be hard to believe if you haven’t heard of Blockchain. The technology which has captured huge momentum in various industries is now greatly affecting the mobile app development world too. 

Seeing the potential of the technology and its futuristic implications in the business, several businesses have adopted and wholeheartedly accepted the technology in their business operations. Starting from FedEx, IBM, Walmart, Microsoft, MasterCard, and Huawei Technologies to Overstock are the proud initiators of Blockchain technology.

This is the reason why, in 2019, 53% of respondents believe that blockchain technology has become the most critical priority for their organization. 

Also, technology is changing the whole way of working but there is a lot more lies behind it. The technology is like an iceberg, the things we are using are just 10% of what lies inside 90% of the sea- be it programming platforms, types of blockchain programming, and blockchain programming languages.  

Bringing all these elements together forms a comprehensive package for aspiring blockchain developers. It’s crucial to approach the journey of learning blockchain as a marathon rather than a sprint, emphasizing the gradual mastery of concepts from basics to advanced levels. At the forefront of this educational journey are blockchain programming languages, serving as the initial stepping stones before delving into the intricacies of blockchain types and platforms. As individuals embark on the path to mastering blockchain development, it’s essential to recognize that challenges may arise, and a prudent understanding of potential obstacles is key. This holistic approach to learning sets the foundation for those aiming to reach the pinnacle in the realm of blockchain, including the growing demand for proficiency in blockchain app development services.

Things To Take Care of When Stepping into the Blockchain Domain

Things to Take Care When Stepping in Blockchain Domain


Blockchain is a great technology but a risky affair too because the code is open to the public and all. Anyone and everyone can look over the code along with access to check for bugs and vulnerabilities with the threat of hacking. Such issues and concerns make blockchain development a little slower. 

Resource Management

Blockchain practitioners need to sync with real-time network calls along with carrying the potential to handle both local and remote queries effectively and efficiently.


Choosing the most versatile language is a must for running blockchain operations smoothly as certain tasks in the blockchain are parallelizable whereas some are not. 


Last but certainly not least to take care of when indulging in blockchain activities. Hash function in a deterministic way blocks the function as per the circumstances. 

For example- if A+B = C, irrespective of circumstances, A+B will always be equal to C. This implies that blockchain developers need to work accordingly. 

So these are the things to keep in mind before indulging in the blockchain operations like a pro. With things handy, let us gain the knowledge of the promised part, i.e. Blockchain Programming language. 

Languages that are going to help you for sure. So, here goes the list-

Top Blockchain Programming Languages You Should Not Miss

Do you these blockchain programming languages are going to set the future of the blockchain industry on fire? 

To let you grasp the best of the best blockchain programming languages to set your base in the blockchain industry, we have handpicked the best ones. 


Developed by Gavin Wood, Christian Reitwiessner, Yoichi Hirai and several of Ethereum’s core contributors is a relatively new and object-oriented Turning-compet Programming language with more than 2,00,000 developers. 


It has a syntax that is based on JavaScript, concepts from C++ and Python. It is one of the best programming and the easiest language to learn for making dApps (Decentralized Applications) or getting into ICO games. 

The language is filled with numerous benefits- 

  • It carries inheritance contract properties including multiple-level inheritance properties. 
  • Smart contracts give access to a secure, easy, and reliable medium.
  • Access to JavaScript infrastructure, debugging tools, and many more. 
  • Typed programming


Now comes the entry of C++ in the list of top Blockchain programming languages created by Bjarne Stroustrup is a general-purpose programming language and is an extension of the C language with around 4.4 million developers. The language is best suited for Cryptocurrency app development. Its strength lies in its ability to scale resource-intensive applications along with being able to run them smoothly too.


C++ follows OOPs methodology and is highly recommended for developing Blockchain Projects like Litecoin, Ripple, EOS, and Stellar and is also favored as the best programming language for cryptocurrency. Not just that, several benefits gain top scores for the language. Those are-

  • Primitive control over memory,
  • Advanced multithreading capabilities,
  • Move semantics,
  • Code isolation,
  • Maturity,
  • Core object-oriented features like runtime polymorphism and function overloading.


Launched in 1995, Java is a language that can challenge C++ and is considered the official language for Android App Development while matching the needs of Blockchain app development.


The language is preferred by Blockchain practitioners and blockchain mobile app developers for many reasons-

  • A vast community of third-party applications and platforms,
  • Highly capable of portability.
  • Programs written in it are portable across computational devices.
  • Robust support for OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) methodology.


GO is the brainchild of Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson, enlisted in the best programming languages and a pioneer of modern programming languages, it is considered the most preferable blockchain programming language for building hyper ledger fabric. Try your hands on it, and get ready to shoot your career in the Blockchain ecosystem.


The statically-typed GO language for blockchain carries the syntax similar to C along with carrying the user-friendliness of modern languages like Javascript and Python with a bonus of performance and security options. 

Here is why the language enters the list of Blockchain Programming languages-

  • It comes up with classes and inheritance, generics, annotations, constructors, and exceptions. 
  • It provides a rich standard library.
  • Faster compilation time
  • Strongly typed

Reading the above para might be evident enough to let you know why is Go a good language for developing blockchain technology. Attended it, let us now move on to the best programming language one should never miss learning and applying. 


When in the process of learning blockchain language, if you get doubt about- is Python good for blockchain, or whether is it going to help you in the long run, well, clear your doubts and go ahead with Python. 
Python is the best programming language for Blockchain development created by Dutch Programme is relatively a modern programming language for newbies coders due to its simple syntax and is often used by reliable mobile app development companies for Blockchain apps.


If you think- is Python good for Blockchain, scroll down to see its humongous advantages. 

The language can not be left behind as almost every single blockchain ecosystem carries one or more public tools. The language is gaining popularity due to-

  • Its structure is based on a simple premise: simplicity, readability, and minimalism.
  • It uses simple and less-scary white spaces as compared to curly brackets and keywords used in C++.
  • The language can handle big data while performing complex mathematics. 
  • It is good enough to build complex digital ledgers that are stable and reliable.
  • The language is scripted and can be complied with and uncompiled.
  • It also uses new lines for completing a command. 


One of the most preferred languages for the World Wide Web, JavaScript is also apt for blockchain mobile applications.

It has libraries and frameworks like jQuery, Angular, React, and Node, along with carrying HTML, and CSS for enhancing its features. Being good at handling asynchronous actions, JS perfectly blends with all the needs of Blockchain operations. It can also handle different blockchain nodes. 

Developers can use JS in web3.js and ethereum.js which helps in connecting the application’s frontend with the ethereum.js network and smart contracts.

Here is how JS is collecting its fair share of popularity-

  • Object-oriented
  • Prototype-based
  • It supports functional programming.


Another language on the list to make you reflect on your Blockchain expertise is Ruby. Ruby gained actual momentum in the blockchain world a few years ago. Ruby helps blockchain developers to prototype their vision rapidly by using open-source third-party APIs and Plugins.


Thriving with local contributors, Ruby is a language that is also preferred by Asian developers for blockchain app development solutions

Indulge into the core of this language to explore its hidden reflection to shine your blockchain career. 


Identical to Java and C++, C# has now gained widespread popularity and placed itself in the list of most preferred blockchain programming languages. It is known as the most preferred language as it creates highly portable code for running across all devices.


By using object-oriented programming language, it helps developers to build a robust application on the .NET framework while helping in creating powerful cross-platform code. 


The next language in the list of blockchain programming languages to make you know more about Blockchain is Rholang. It helps in developing smart contracts. Rather than being object-oriented, it carries the work with a functional approach. 


Rather than holding data in variables just like C++ or Python, Rholang instead focuses on evaluating the whole application. 


Another Blockchain programming language by Skycoin, CX can operate as a contractual digital intermediary. 


The language also consists of control features while providing advanced slices, pointers, and arrays for designing blockchain applications conveniently. 

Furthermore, built originally on top of pg GP, it saves CX systems from executing arbitrary codes. Also, the language integrates itself with OpenGL(Open Graphics Library) along with utilizing the GPU’s power efficiently. 


Created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP can be used for creating simple to complex blockchain systems due to its object-oriented features and vast open-source community.


The language is often used by novice developers to get started with blockchain coding and thus registered itself in the list of top blockchain programming languages. Also, mobile app development agency swears by using the language for creating great blockchain-based mobile applications. 


When you are stuck between the thoughts of which language should I learn for Blockchain, in such a situation, without any doubt, go for Vyper. Though the language is pretty new it is the apt language for writing smart contracts. The language similar to Solidity is generally preferred for the EVM whereas it also differs from the former one in terms of control structures and handling security issues. 


If in doubt about how difficult is blockchain coding, nothing can beat Vyper. For doing simplistic blockchain coding, Vyper is the language worth having a look at.


One of the recent additions to the blockchain programming language log, Rust aims at offering open-source development with the capability to build fast and efficient blockchain systems. 


By choosing either a functional approach or an imperative one, mobile app developers can go ahead with developing blockchain applications efficiently. 


Another language that is emerging in the blockchain programming world is Scilla. It aims at reducing safety risks along with providing a formal verification for smart contracts. 


Not just that, Scilla is capable of reducing instances of error-prone codes substantially along with lowering the need for extensive audibility. It is like shooting one arrow at two targets. The intermediate-level blockchain coding language is compiled into bytecodes and thus is highly portable.


In the list of Best Blockchain programming languages, Simplicity also scales itself high.

First came on the market in November 2017 and authored by Russell O’Connor, Simplicity is the most recent addition to the blockchain programming language.


It is a high-level blockchain coding language that aims at reducing complex low-level understanding of the Bitcoin Script. 

The language is considered one of the best blockchain programming languages for writing smart contracts by Blockchain developers. 

There are several noteworthy blockchain programming languages, each offering distinct use cases and varying potential. Therefore, when embarking on the development of a blockchain-based application, it’s crucial to thoroughly evaluate each language against relevant parameters before selecting the most suitable one for your initial blockchain project. The impact of blockchain technology on cryptocurrencies is indicative of its transformative potential in regularizing data and managing assets. Consequently, now is an opportune moment to delve into the core of these languages, especially if you’re associated with a blockchain app development company.

Till then, we are happy to help you. Connect with us to get more information.

Anand Prakash
Anand Prakash

VP – Pre Sales at Appventurez

Anand specializes in sales and business development as its VP - Sales and Presales. He supervises the pre-sales process by upscaling on establishing client relationships. He skillfully deploys instruments such as cloud computing, automation, data centers, information storage, and analytics to evaluate clients’ business activities.

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