Blog / Blockchain / 15 Top Programming Languages: Be an Expert Blockchain Developer

15 Top Programming Languages: Be an Expert Blockchain Developer

Anand Prakash By Anand Prakash | November 15, 2019
Blockchain Programming Languages

From geek-tech to mainstream acceptance, Blockchain technology has completed its transition and is now entering domains from healthcare to banking. The technology is overwhelming and fascinating that can actually describe the future in a more sophisticated manner. 

The technology’s hype which was gaining media attention is now dying slowly, giving more organic and natural growth to blockchain technology. Also, cryptocurrency users are no longer restricted to just the financial sector and are entering into the zone of real estate to digital ID management. 

Thus, it will be hard to believe if you haven’t heard of Blockchain. The technology which has captured huge momentum in various industries is now greatly affecting the mobile app development world too. 

Seeing the potential of the technology and its futuristic implications in the business, several businesses have adopted and wholeheartedly accepted the technology in their business operations. Starting from FedEx, IBM, Walmart, Microsoft, MasterCard, Huawei Technologies to Overstock are the proud initiators of Blockchain technology.

This is the reason, in 2019, 53% of respondents believe that blockchain technology has become the most critical priority for their organization. 

Also, the technology though is changing the whole way of working but there is a lot more lies behind it. The technology is like an iceberg, things we are using is just 10% of what lies inside 90% of the sea- be it programming platforms, types of blockchain programming and blockchain programming languages.  

Concluding all these together is a complete package for blockchain developers. Before executing the plan to learn chapters from basics to pro, always remember that learning blockchain is not a sprint rather a marathon. Blockchain programming languages are the first thing that will take the front seat before blockchain types and platforms.

Before getting started with the very first step to reach the top, let us quickly get the insight of things that might become a hurdle when entering the blockchain world to take care of.

Things To Take Care When Stepping in Blockchain Domain

Things to Take Care When Stepping in Blockchain Domain

Security 

Blockchain is a great technology but a risky affair too because of the code open to the public and all. Anyone and everyone can look over the code along with the access to check for bugs and vulnerabilities with the threat of hacking. Such issues and concerns make the blockchain development a little slower. 

Resource Management

Blockchain practitioners need to sync with real-time network calls along with carrying the potential to handle both local and remote queries effectively and efficiently.

Performance

Choosing the most versatile language is a must for running blockchain operations smoothly as certain tasks in the blockchain are parallelizable whereas some are not. 

Grab: The Basic Understanding and Working of Blockchain Technology

Isolation 

Last but certainly not least to take care of when indulging in the blockchain activities. Hash function in a deterministic way blocks the function as per the circumstances. 

For example- if A+B = C, irrespective of circumstances, A+B will always be equal to C. This implies that blockchain developers need to work accordingly. 

So these are the things to keep in mind before indulging in the blockchain operations like a pro. With things handy, let us gain the knowledge of the promised part, i.e. Blockchain Programming language. 

Languages that are going to help you for sure. So, here goes the list-

Top Blockchain Programming Languages You Should Not Miss

Do you these blockchain programming languages are going to set the future of blockchain industry on fire? 

To let you grasp the best of the best blockchain programming languages to set your base in the blockchain industry, we have handpicked the best ones. 

Solidity

Developed by Gavin Wood, Christian Reitwiessner, Yoichi Hirai and several of Ethereum’s core contributors is a relatively new and object-oriented Turning- complete Programming language with more than 2,00,000 developers. 

Solidity

It has a syntax that is based on JavaScript, concepts from C++ and Python. It is one of the best programming and the easiest language to learn for making dApps (Decentralized Applications) or get into the ICO games. 

The language is filled with numerous benefits like- 

  • It carries inheritance contract properties including multiple level inheritance properties. 
  • Smart contracts give access to a secure, easy and reliable medium.
  • Access to JavaScript infrastructure, debugging tools and many more. 
  • Typed programming

C++

Now comes the entry of C++ in the list of top Blockchain programming languages created by Bjarne Stroustrup is a general-purpose programming language and is an extension of the C language with around 4.4 million developers. The language is best suited for Cryptocurrency app development. Its strength lies in its ability to scale resource-intensive applications along with being able to run them smoothly too.

C++

C++ follows OOPs methodology and is highly recommended for developing Blockchain Projects like Litecoin, Ripple, EOS, Stellar and is also favored as the best programming language for cryptocurrency. Not just that, there are a number of benefits that gain top scores for the language. Those are-

  • Primitive control over memory,
  • Advanced multithreading capabilities,
  • Move semantics,
  • Code isolation,
  • Maturity,
  • Core object-oriented features like runtime polymorphism and function overloading.

Java

Launched in 1995, Java is a language that can actually challenge C++ and is considered the official language for Android App Development while matching the needs of Blockchain app development.

Java

The language is preferred by Blockchain practitioners and blockchain mobile app developers for due to many reasons like-

  • A vast community of third-party applications and platforms,
  • Highly capable portability.
  • Programs written in it are portable across the computational devices.
  • Robust support for OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) methodology.

GO

GO is the brainchild of Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson, enlisted in best programming languages and a pioneer of modern programming languages, it is considered the most preferable blockchain programming language for building hyper ledger fabric. Try your hands on it, and get ready to shoot your career in the Blockchain ecosystem.

GO

The statically-typed GO language for blockchain carries the syntax similar to C along with carrying the user-friendliness of modern languages like Javascript and Python with a bonus of performance and security options. 

Here is why the language enters in the list of Blockchain Programming languages-

  • It comes up with classes and inheritance, generics, annotations, constructors, and exceptions. 
  • It provides a rich standard library.
  • Faster compilation time
  • Strongly typed

Reading the above para might be evident enough to let you know why is Go a good language for developing blockchain technology. Attended it, let us now move on to the best programming language one should never miss learning and apply. 

Python

When in the process of learning blockchain language, if you get doubt like- is python good for blockchain, or is it going to help you in the long run, well, clear your doubts and go ahead with Python. 
Python is the best programming language for Blockchain development created by Dutch Programme is relatively a modern programming language for newbies coders due to its simple syntax and is often used by reliable mobile app development companies for Blockchain apps.

Python

If you think- is Python good for Blockchain, scroll down to see its humongous advantages. 

The language can not be left behind as almost every single blockchain ecosystem carries one or more public tools. The language is gaining popularity due to-

  • Its structure is based on a simple premise: simplicity, readability, and minimalism.
  • It uses simple and less-scary white spaces as compared to curly brackets and keywords used in C++.
  • The language can handle big data while performing complex mathematics. 
  • It is good enough to build complex digital ledgers that are stable and reliable.
  • The language is scripted and can be complied with and uncompiled.
  • It also uses new lines for completing a command. 

JavaScript

One of the most preferred languages for the World Wide Web, JavaScript is also apt for blockchain mobile applications.

It has its libraries and frameworks like jQuery, Angular, React and Node, along with carrying HTML, CSS for enhancing its features. Being good at handling asynchronous actions, JS perfectly blends with all the needs of Blockchain operations. It can also handle different blockchain nodes. 

Developers can use JS in web3.js and ethereum.js that helps in connecting the application’s frontend with ethereum.js network and smart contracts.

Here is how JS is collecting its fair share of popularity-

  • Object-oriented
  • Prototype-based
  • It supports functional programming.

Ruby

Another language in the list to make you reflect your Blockchain expertise is Ruby. Ruby gained actual momentum in the blockchain world a few years ago. Ruby helps blockchain developers to prototype their vision rapidly by using open-source third-party APIs and Plugins.

Ruby

Thriving with local contributors, Ruby is a language that is also preferred by Asian developers for blockchain app development solutions. 

Indulge into the core of this language to explore its hidden reflection to shine your blockchain career. 

C#

Identical to Java and C++, C# has now gained widespread popularity and placed itself in the list of most preferred blockchain programming languages. It is known as the most preferred language as it creates a highly portable code for running them across all devices.

C#

By using object-oriented programming language, it helps developers to build a robust application on the .NET framework while helping in creating powerful cross-platform code. 

Rholang

Next language in the list of blockchain programming languages to make you know more about Blockchain is Rholang. It helps in developing smart contracts. Rather than being object-oriented, it carries the work with a functional approach. 

Rholang

Rather than holding data in variables just like C++ or Python,, Rholang instead focuses on evaluating the whole application. 

CX

Another Blockchain programming language by Skycoin, CX has the ability to operate as a contractual digital intermediary. 

CX

The language also consists of control features while providing advanced slices, pointers, and arrays for designing blockchain applications conveniently. 

Furthermore, built originally on top pg GP, it saves CX systems from executing arbitrary codes. Also, the language integrates itself with OpenGL(Open Graphics Library) along with utilizing the GPU’s power efficiently. 

PHP

Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP can be used for creating simple to complex blockchain systems due to its object-oriented features and a vast open source community.

PHP

The language is often used by novice developers to get started with blockchain coding and thus registered itself in the list of top blockchain programming language. Also, mobile app development agency also swears by using the language for creating great blockchain-based mobile applications. 

Vyper

When you are stuck between the thoughts of which language should I learn for Blockchain, in such a situation, without any doubt, go for- Vyper. Though the language is pretty new it is the apt language for writing smart contracts. The language similar to Solidity is generally preferred for the EVM whereas it also differs from the former one in terms of control structures and handling security issues. 

Vyper

If in doubt about how difficult is blockchain coding, nothing can beat Vyper. For doing simplistic blockchain coding, Vyper is the language is worth to have a look at.

Rust

One of the recent additions in the blockchain programming language log, Rust aims at offering open-source development with the capability to build fast and efficient blockchain systems. 

Rust

By choosing either functional approach or an imperative one, mobile app developers can go ahead with developing blockchain applications efficiently. 

Scilla

Another language that is emerging in the blockchain programming world is Scilla. It aims at reducing safety risks along with providing a formal verification for smart contracts. 

Scilla

Not just that, Scilla is capable of reducing instances of error-prone codes substantially along with lowering the need for extensive audibility. It is like shooting one arrow for two targets. The intermediate level blockchain coding language is compiled into bytecodes and thus is highly portable.

Simplicity 

In the list of Best Blockchain programming languages, Simplicity also scales itself high.

First came in the market in November 2017 and authored by Russell O’Connor, Simplicity is the most recent addition in the blockchain programming language.

Simplicity

It is a high-level blockchain coding language that aims at reducing complex low-level understanding of the Bitcoin Script. 

The language is considered as one of the best blockchain programming languages for writing smart contracts by Blockchain developers. 

These are a few of the top blockchain programming among many with different use cases and different potential. Hence, when you are developing a blockchain-based application, make sure you have gone through each and every parameter for considering any of the languages for your first blockchain project. 

What blockchain technology is doing with cryptocurrencies will also revolutionize the practice of regularizing data and managing assets. Hence, it is the best time to learn and indulge in the core of the languages. 

Till then, we are happy to help you. Connect with us to get more information.

Anand Prakash
Anand Prakash

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez Mobitech. A tech enthusiast who has broad expertise in delivering end to end software solutions. He is an expert technocrat ho has in-depth knowledge and is highly experienced in delivering solutions for Android, Xamarin, Ethereum Smart Contracts, ASP.net.

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