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React vs Angular: A Comparative Analysis between the two

Chandrapal Singh By Chandrapal Singh | April 18, 2019
Angular vs React

Having a mind of a great programmer you need to have a different mindset and stop thinking as the other masses thinks of what is best to be used Angular or React? What will serve you with better pay?

A programmer needs to think about the cons and pros of using a specific language or a framework. He should be clear when to pick one tool over the other available tools? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a specific tool? In what conditions the specific tool is best to be used?

One should not be biased and declare one library/framework to rule the other, these assumptions are made by people who unaware of their history. Backbone, jQuery, AngularJS, ReactJS were all useful when they were released in the market. They took over the other existing language and framework which was beforehand.

But then came the process of evolvement and it grows as a community, changes were introduced in web platforms and the user preferences started shifting.  

So, which one is the best suited for you in 2019? Overall, both these languages empower us to build rich front-end applications.

In general, each language has its own weight and is significantly better than other depending on the user’s requirement and for what features it has been used.

Let’s dive in the sea and figure out the pros and cons of the two most popular Javascript framework, React and Angular.

An overview of Angular

Angular

The initial version of Angular was released on 14 September 2016 by Google. It’s a typescript-based framework for web applications which is completely different from AngularJS which is a framework based on JavaScript, which is based on front-end development framework. Angular which was released way back in 2016 is a from the same team which initially built AngularJS.

Angular follows both two-data binding as well as one-way data binding structure. We have noticed regular updates and releases for Angular and the current version which is trending in the market is Angular 7. If you wish, you can check the updates on release on the different angular version.  

Advantages of Using Angular

  • With the release of v7.0.2, the developers can save much of their time with the help of prompts for built-in features such as SCSS or routing when executing a command like ng-add @angular/material or ng-new.
  • Backed by Google Angular is well known for its wide community and support for developers services. There has been a rise in demand of Angular framework because of support factors
  • Irrespective of its platform Angular framework runs on all browser environments.
  • Angular has a feature of Bi-directional data binding which is, in fact, the basic difference between Angular and ReactJS. After each set of changes in data, it disperses influence.
  • Angular can be coined as a reliable framework because it has off-the-track tools and robust components evolved in Juxtapose.

Disadvantages of using Angular:

  • The learning curve of angular is steep which is one of its major disadvantages.
  • Angular does not have a clear manual or documentation.  

When to go with Angular?

If your need browser compatibility with all the browsers for your app then it will be suitable to use Angular. It will help you to make your app compatible with even with browser versions which are older than IE8. With the release of Angular 7 in the market developers are more attracted to this framework as the release came with the performance-boosting features and support for server-side rendering. In case your mobile app needs to have complexity between low to medium, Angular is more suitable to go with.

An Overview of React

React

Backed by Facebook React was released in 2013. React supports JavaScript languages and supports both server-side and client-side data. React has a one-way data binding technology which has a component-based architecture. It has a relatively low learning curve and a virtual DOM.

Advantages of Using React

  • React offers the ability to compound the components of the app within a single time file. It also promotes the development of machine-readable programs.
  • React comes with a suitable setup for developers which has led to an increase in the number of developers using React Native for the development of applications.
  • React has rendering features and approaches which reduces the amount of DOM operation and speeds up the process of updating, thus making it more efficient.
  • React has a feature of Virtual DOM which is helpful to the developer In managing the large and extensive database.  
  • React is purely a JavaScript library product. Angular is a subset of HTML whereas React is not.   
  • React is best suited for development if you opt for an intensive, straight forward and reliable programming. It is comparatively more advanced than Angular.  

Disadvantages of using React

  • MVC framework like Rail needs integration and configuration of ReactJS which slows down the development process and time.  
  • If you dive in the disadvantages and advantages of React, you will notice that some specific application might be suitable for the framework, but the rest may not be. Each app is different from the others.

When to go with React?

If your application is to be loaded with lots of dynamic content than React will serve you in your purpose.  Many tech giants like Facebook and Instagram uses ReactJs for their mobile app because ReactJS is dynamic in nature.  

Sometimes, going with React will be beneficial over Angular and vice versa. Some of the top brand using React are, Dropbox, Netflix, Paypal, Flipkart, and Uber.  

React Vs Angular – A brief overview

The two frameworks React and Angular are backed by two powerful tech-giant Google and Facebook respectively. The performance of these two is often a hot topic to be debated upon.

Libraries and Framework possess a different license. Some of the licenses are flexible and allows adjustments as per the requirements. They are coined as open-source products, there are other licenses which restricts designing of commercial applications and editing of content after its creation.

Angular and React Both are open-source and as far as the popularity is concerned both these technologies are being used by major brands.

Before diving in the sea, it’s suggested to have a glimpse at the quick overview of Angular Framework and React Library which will be beneficial to you in deciding which one to go with for your next project.

Comparison- React vs Angular

Comparison Angular vs React

Brands using Angular and React

BRANDS USING ANGULAR AND REACT 

In-depth comparison between Angular 7 and React

In-depth comparison between Angular 7 and react

Architecture — Angular Framework or React Library?

The key point which is to keep in consideration while comparing the two technologies is that React, is simply a JavaScript library and Angular is a fully-ripened MVC framework. This states that Angular initially offers more in terms of functionality as compared to React. But, React still remains highlighted as because of it offers a contemporary climate for coding. In some context, React offers a better solution.

DOM – Real vs Virtual

One of the major advantages of React is that it has a Virtual DOM which makes the applications incredibly fast whereas, on the other hand, Angular applications have Regular DOM which adversely affects the performance of the application. When compared to speed-based user experience, React dominates Angular.  

State Management

States are considered as the unavoidable reality while building of any applications. React developer deals with the state using Redux or MobX, to understand whether to use Redux or MobX we would recommend developers to do some detailed research and experiment a bit. In the Angular applications, developers need not use Redux unless the application being built is a massive one.

Data Binding – Two-Way vs Downward (one-way)

One of the major differences between Angular and React is the difference in approach towards data binding. React has one-way data binding feature only. In case of any change, the model state firstly needs to update so as to render changes to the UI element. Only changing the UI elements will not render any change in the model.

In Angular developer needs to practice two-way binding of data, which states that in case of any change in the corresponding model the states get changed and UI elements get updated.

The method used for data binding in Angular is easier as compared to the one used in React. But still, as the project becomes larger, React provides a better overview of data. Both React and Angular have their disadvantage. So, you need to understand the concepts and determine what influence your decision.  

DATA BINDING – TWO-WAY VS DOWNWARD (ONE-WAY)

TypeScript for Angular or JavaScript for React

React uses JavaScript, a language which is dynamically-typed and familiar with most of the developers in the development community. This can be an added advantage whereas on the other side of the sea JavaScript is not enough for working with Angular.

To work with Angular, you need to learn TypeScript, which is a statically typed language. The code written in TypeScript is converted to JavaScript which means that one can also write in ES5 code in a TypeScript file. To work with TypeScript, you need to have prior knowledge of JavaScript to ease the complication in learning.

Angular and React For Mobile Solutions

Both Angular and React offer solutions for developing mobile apps.

Using Angular one can work to develop hybrid mobile applications using the Ionic framework. It has a robust library for UI component and includes a Cordova container. However, the resulting app built using this is simply a web app inside a native web view container. Because of this, the Ionic-based app developed using Angular can lag.

React Native, on the other hand, is a platform which is backed by Facebook for building purely native mobile applications with the help of React. Unlike the Ionic, React Native allows you to create your own component as per the requirement and then bind them to native code written in Java, Objective-C or Swift.

Testing React and Angular

Testing and debugging for Angular application for the entire project can be done with the help of tool Jasmine, Karma, and Protractor. In case of React, Jest from Facebook which is incorporated in every project is used to test the code which you have written. Jest require some additional configuration to be done from the developer’s end. In React set of tools is required for testing different sets which increase the efforts and time required in the testing process.

Overall Angular has an advantage over React when it comes to testing of the application.  

Learning curve – much steeper for Angular

The learning curve for Angular is much steeper as compared to that of React. The framework of Angular is more complex and verbose with alternative ways to solve a single set of problems. Intricate component management demands many repetitive actions in case of Angular.

For Angular, you will need to know:

-components

-modules

-directives

-services

-decorators

-routing

-templates

-dependency injection

-zones

-pipes

-change detection

-Rx.js

-AoT compilation

To learn React you will need to know:

-JSX

-how to create components

-how to manage the internal state

-how to use props for configuration

-a routing library (since React doesn’t come with one).

-state management with Redux or MobX.

The entry barriers to the world of Angular Developers is objectively higher as compared to that of React. The recent updates and new concepts being introduced might be hectic for the newbies. This does not state that Reacts is “easy to learn” as it has its own complications.

Concluding Thought: React vs Angular

The relative merits and demerits of React and Angular will always be a hot topic for debate. In the end, both are quality technologies which offer a lot to the development community. React Vs Angular is a similar case as comparing Android with Apple or brand Nike with Adidas.

The reality is that both these frameworks have their own importance. It depends on the development teams’ interest and the company’s requirement. There is a still mobile app development company who prefer to work on Ember besides these two.

You can opt Angular, other times you can go with React, there are other frameworks like Vue which can serve you with the purpose. We have a well-versed team of Angular as well as for React, our developers are always ready to explore new technologies and if asked some may prefer to work on a different framework VueJS. It entirely depends on the team and your requirement to decide which one to go with.

Chandrapal Singh
Chandrapal Singh

A technocrat and an entrepreneur who is the Co-Founder and Chief Delivery Head at Appventurez. Skilled in object-oriented programming (OOP), iOS Development, Design Principles, Data Structures, and Swift, he has served different organizations as Tech Lead.

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