React Native vs Flutter - The Framework Hustle
Blog / Cross- Platform / React Native vs Flutter – The Framework Hustle

React Native vs Flutter – The Framework Hustle

Anand Prakash By Anand Prakash | May 24, 2019
react native vs flutter

What is React Native? What is Flutter? How is React Native different from Flutter? What will be the best option for you when it comes to Minimum Viable Product (MVP)? How can you explain the Flutter future scope? and React Native future scope?

But before answering these questions, we need to know the rise of these frameworks. Why are we even using them or depend upon them?

To answer it easily, we did our research, understand the expert’s opinions on it, and came up with the conclusion that is explained in a detailed way in the blog.

First thing first, the mobile app development industry has been around us for more than a decade. We have reached a stage where we depend upon it and are always in to try out something new about it.

As simple as it may sound, there are a number of things that are the major concerning factor for the businesses that want to develop a mobile app. One of them is budgeting.

However, This made companies focus on multiple platforms that allow them to target large audiences and develop apps for all platforms. But it is easier said than done.

Companies work on the iOS and Android platforms that are vastly different from each other. To develop an Android or iOS app, a different team, design, development code, and testing team is required. To overcome this, the cross-platform apps come into play.

The major reason why companies and mobile app developers prefer cross-platform is due to its efficiency and interactive nature. In addition to this, there are a number of best cross platform app development frameworks that make it easy for developers to come up with the best solutions.

benefits of cross platform app

However cross-platform are not that easy as with the major advancement come the top frameworks as well. Xamarin, Flutter, React Native, Titanium, and so many other frameworks are used to develop the cross-platform.

But two of them are extremely popular due to their long run in the framework – Flutter and React Native. So, let’s understand the concept of React Native and Flutter. These points will help you to understand the basic differences between Flutter vs React Native.

What is React Native?

React Native is one of the best cross platform app development frameworks in the market. The React Native app developers work on the React library that is built using JavaScript, created by Facebook.

In 2013, Facebook launched React Native as the internal hackathon project with its final public release in 2015. Here is an insight of drawbacks, benefits of using React Native for app development, and apps built on React Native. 

react native pros and cons

To understand the working on React Native, let us walk you through the major aspects.

#1 Development

There are a number of components that are used in the React Native app development instead of going for the web components such as H1 and Div. React Native developers can access these components from the React Native library.

In addition to this, virtual DOM is used in React Native to interact with the native UI elements for the development. Also, there are adoptive components that help in identifying the mobile app operating system – iOS or Android – to easily render the code as per the platform. 

#2 Ecosystem

React Native is supported by a number of editors along with the hot reload support. This makes mobile app development easier. In addition to this, there are a number of packages that are offered to the developers for faster app development. The ecosystem is also faster and stable since React Native is available in the market for so many years. 

#3 Performance

React Native is a major framework for the native app development due to the compilation of the UI components that are equivalent to native ones. In order to establish the bridge between the components, JS runs in a separate thread. This makes it easy for building mobile apps in React Native with the components that can communicate with the native modules. As a result, React Native is faster and helps in increasing the app performance. 

#4 Documentation

The documentation of React Native is extremely user friendly that includes all the major components, their requirements, and use. In addition to this, the React Native document includes the modules, specific components, and app development process. 

#5 Architecture

Flux and Redux are the two major patterns when it comes to React Native app development. These frameworks store the state of the app at a key place. Along with this, it includes the unidirectional data flow and makes the components stateless. The states can be managed easily in the React with the Context API.

These are the major components that make React Native a good choice for mobile app developers. Due to its efficiency and performance, many mobile app developers take online courses to learn the framework in detail.

The major online courses that are opted by the React Native developers or pursuing to be the developer are:

  • Free Mobile App Development with React Native Course (edX)
  • React Native – The Practical Guide (Udemy)
  • Multiplatform Mobile App Development with React Native (Coursera)
  • React Native: Advanced Concepts (Udemy)
  • Free React Native Courses (LinkedIn Learning – Lynda)
  • The Complete React Native Course (Udemy)
  • The Complete React Native + Hooks Course (Udemy)

What is Flutter?

Flutter, developed using Dart and C++ language, is used for best cross platform app development. Google developed Dart and then Flutter to offer the ultimate and best solution to the mobile app industry. In May 2017, the alpha release of Flutter was introduced in the market. There are so many things about flutter such as its pros, cons, and apps built on the framework that is mentioned below. 

flutter pros and cons

Flutter is the platform that is used for reactive programming. Let us explain it in a bit detail, the null reference is something that the developers working around java and Android are aware of. The null reference can go out of control since a stream of user clicks are sent to the server without receiving the response.

The unresponsiveness and clutter of clicks create paradigm issues that can be sorted out easily with the help of reactive programming with the Dart language.

With this said, let us understand the major components of the Flutter app development.

#1 Development

Widgets are the major development part of the Flutter that includes the major implementation of the material design concepts and ready-to-use widgets. Flutter includes two widgets types such as ash stateful and stateless. However, the un-adaptive nature of the widgets that require manual adoption of the platform-specification.

In order to start working with Flutter, the developers just need to download and install the setup. Along with this, the addition of Android Studio must be downloaded for the mobile emulator to test the app without using the phone.

The Hot Reload feature of Flutter is the plus point for the mobile app development since it allows the Flutter app developers to rerun the apps with the major updates to test the app. In addition to this, the speed of the app is also maintained with a hot reload. Flutter supports Visual Studio Code, IntelliJ Idea, and Android Studio,

#2 Ecosystem

React Native is better with the ecosystem due to the release years as compared to Flutter that is still young. Due to years of running in the market, React Native is a bit ahead in terms of packages. However, Flutter has included many-core packages (approximately 1450 packages) that can be used by the public, and the increase of the Flutter community has also come up as a major addition.

#3 Performance

Flutter offers a different app performance as compared to React Native. The C or C++ libraries are used with the Flutter app for better native performance and work on the machine language. The best thing with Flutter is the compilation of the UI components and others for enhanced user experience. 

#4 Documentation

The whole Flutter documentation is extremely helpful and insanely good to understand. For the fresher, it might be a bit difficult to understand the whole concept but once they get a hold of it, it is easy to understand the whole document. 

#5 Architecture

The implementation of the architecture in the app is not certain since Flutter is young as compared to React Native. Nevertheless, there are architectural options that are used by the developers. This includes the Business Logic Component (BLoC) that is depicted by Google. There are other options such as the realm of flutter that uses Redux and Flux whereas the components can store the state for the small apps. 

Due to the efficiency of the Flutter app development, the developers learn to use the framework in detail. The major online courses that are opted by the developers or pursuing to be the developer are:

  • Dart and Flutter: The Complete Developer’s Guide (Udemy)
  • Flutter Tutorials (Official)
  • Flutter & Dart – The Complete Flutter App Development Course (Udemy)
  • Learn Flutter & Dart to Build iOS & Android Apps (Udemy)
  • Flutter – Intermediate (Udemy)

Flutter vs React Native – Head-To-Head Differences

The major differences are covered up above, let us give you a head-to-head explanation of them.

FeaturesFlutterReact Native
Initial Release2017Jan 2015
Created byGoogleFacebook
Learning curveIf you know Dart then you can easily get a hold of FlutterEasy to understand for the developers that deal in JavaScript or React
Programming languagesDartJavaScript
PerformanceBetterGreat
Development timeA bit slowFast due to ready-to-use components
Adaptive componentsNeed manual configuration; Non-adaptiveAdaptive automatically
Components librarySmaller Large
Main architectureBLoCFlux & Redux
Hot reloadSupported Supported 
EcosystemFew packages, not matureMature, many packages
Code structureHave limitationsBetter
CommunityRapidly growingLarge
Free & Open-SourceAvailableAvailable
MVP DevelopmentPerfectGood 

Apart from this, there are a few factors that can give you a better idea about the React Native vs flutter 2020. Let us walk you through the remaining factors.

#1 User Interface

React Native Apps are similar to the native apps due to the involvement of native components. The native-like look and feel of an app can be easily achieved using third-party libraries. Whereas for Flutter, the operating system plays a vital role in the user interface. The newer OS works well with the app as compared to the older one.

Due to the one codebase in Flutter, the similarities between iOS and Android that can be eliminated with the Cupertino and Material Design. As a result, the apps will look natural on the respective platforms similar to the native apps. 

#2 Code Sharing

React Native works well with Android and iOS. But there are libraries that make it easy to integrate the code with Windows 10 and web as well. The shared code can be extracted to a separate repository in the desktop, web, and mobile apps. Then the code is transferred to another dependency that makes developers work on platform-specific code.

Whereas Flutter frameworks allow developers to focus on cross-platform apps (iOS and Android). However, Flutter will make it easy for the developers to integrate with the web, and desktop as well with integrated solutions. The web support is available on the beta channel and its final release is yet to be launched.

#3 Time-To-Market

React Native is assumed to be much faster but can easily bridge the gap between the app and native elements. However, widgets might require separate optimization that is mainly platform-specific. Whereas with Flutter, the apps are developed at a faster rate as compared to the native app development. 

#4 Stability

While constant work is being done to make Flutter app development services a lot more stable. The fact remains that because the framework is still fairly new, you cannot expect to develop a complex application on it.

React Native, on the other hand, has tested the waters and knows the ins and outs of the domain. Above all, it comes backed with a very strong community, which altogether makes the framework very strong.  

#5 Competitive Advantages

Why is React Native beating Flutter? It is not actually true. Both platforms have their own competitive advantage in the market. React Native is in the market 5 years now, easy to learn, reusable code, a penalty of libraries, tutorials, and vast community. Whereas with Flutter, it offers a great look & feel, rapidly growing community, difficult to beat development time, and excellent documentation. 

Key Takeaways

This is the aptest Flutter vs React Native to give you a clear understanding of the platforms. React Native and Flutter have their own pros and cons that make them ideal for mobile app development. However, both platforms have easily bridged the gap between Android and iOS.

If we go into it deeper, then many developers feel that Flutter is a platform that can be a bit difficult to learn as compared to React Native. Especially for the developers that don’t have prior knowledge about the Dart platform.

Apart from this, Flutter is a great game-changer in the mobile app development world in terms of performance and lack of constraints. Even bugs can be easily resolved in Flutter that makes developers a bit inclined towards it.

Even after this, many people might question Will flutter replace react native?

To make it simple, every app has its own requirements and considerations. This calls to select for the major framework that can help in the development process. But we can be sure that Flutter is giving a neck-tight competition to React Native.

It is best to ask an expert mobile app development company that includes the practices, approaches, requirements, and skillsets to come up with the ideal choice for the project. So, feel free to contact us to help you with your new venture in mobile app development. 

FAQ’s

#1 Is flutter better than react native?

Either this or will flutter overtake react native is usually the most common question that is asked by the community. However, for now, React Native is not going anywhere due to its large community, more libraries, and enhanced performance. Flutter might have a glowing future but it is yet not confirmed. We can’t be sure but we can keep you updated on the growth of Flutter. 

#2 Between flutter and react native, which one to choose in 2020? 

There is no telling which platform is better without knowing the project requirements. There are so many aspects that help in determining how to choose the framework. This includes the requirements, approaches, features, and so on of both the platforms. So, it completely depends upon the project that will help in choosing the ideal one. 

#3 Is flutter the future of cross platform development?

Yes, it is highly possible that mobile app development for the cross-platform will depend upon Flutter in the coming time. However, we can’t be sure about anything as for now since there are a number of cross-platform app development frameworks that are already ruling the market. This makes a neck-to-neck competition to Flutter.

The future of Flutter and React Native is not that difficult to understand, Flutter is giving a great competition to React Native with regular improvements and version additions. Google is refining the tool every now and then while eliminating the bugs.

The growth in community and growth can be a drastic plus point for Flutter development. In the future, it is expected to build web and desktop apps with Flutter as well. Flutter holds a promising future for the mobile app industry and small businesses that want to dive into the app world.

#4 What is the future of React Native?

Facebook is an evolving company that is making sure that each and every technology gets attention. Facebook is planning to re-architect React Native on the high-scale to improve its support and help the community to understand the technology in a better way. The ongoing improvement for React Native is a great point for the developers to work on the open-source environment. Significantly, React Native has a brighter future with a number of additions and updates. 

#5 What is the basic salary of React Native and Flutter developers?

As per Glassdoor, in the USA, the basic salary of the Flutter app developers is around $95,504 annually whereas for React Native developers, the amount is around $120,000 annually. This depends upon the experience of the developers and their knowledge in the field. 

Anand Prakash
Anand Prakash

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez Mobitech. A tech enthusiast who has broad expertise in delivering end to end software solutions. He is an expert technocrat ho has in-depth knowledge and is highly experienced in delivering solutions for Android, Xamarin, Ethereum Smart Contracts, ASP.net.

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