Moravec’s Paradox: Why Is Robotics Lagging Way Behind AI?

Artificial intelligence has made a remarkable presence in the digital world, robotics, on the other hand, seems lagging behind.

Updated 22 November 2023

Ajay Kumar
Ajay Kumar

CEO at Appventurez

Moravec’s Paradox is a concept that highlights the difference between human and artificial intelligence. The Moravec paradox states the tasks that are easy for humans, and difficult for machines, such as facial recognition. 

On the other hand, tasks that we find challenging, such as complex calculations or playing chess, are relatively easy for AI systems. We know artificial intelligence is quick in processing and analyzing data quickly. While robotics has only been around for a short time. 

Artificial intelligence always creates a sense of curiosity among people about what it might bring to the world of technology. Presently, most things are surrounded by AI, which led to an increase in the annual growth rate of 37.3% from 2023 to 2030. 

What Is Moravec Paradox?

Imagine a world where robots can play chess, solve complex problems, or even write poetries. Now, that sounds quite interesting, right? Well, the advancement of technologies has made machines unbelievably intelligent, with the ability to do reasoning and think abstractly. 

But, when it comes to doing simple tasks, like walking, or facial recognition, these same robots are inaccurate. This is what Moravec Paradox concept is. The skills that are way too easy for humans, like hearing, seeing, and moving, are actually very complex tasks for machines. Moravec Paradox is the primary reason behind the advancement of AI, and it will continue to do so. 

The term ‘Moravec Paradox’ was named after Hans Moravec (an AI researcher). He came across a thought about why artificial intelligence robots can easily complete certain tasks that humans find easy. In other words, Moravec Paradox explains why computer systems can do certain things easily as compared to humans, like solving mathematics problems or logical thinking. 

Moravec Paradox impacted the existence of AI in the past, making it one of reasons for its slow development.

moravec's paradox

Difference Between Robotics and AI

Robotics and AI are entirely distinct; however, they often intersect and complement each other. Here’s a key difference between the two:


Robotics is a field of engineering and technology that focuses on the design, development, and physical machines known as robots. These are physical systems that interact with the environment and perform tasks under human control. Robotics is a combination of various approaches, like mechanical engineering, electronics, computer science, and AI.

Robots can incorporate AI technology for the betterment of their capabilities. For instance, AI is used in robotics for perception and object recognition, navigation, decision-making, and adaptive learning. 

Artificial intelligence

AI refers to the development of computer systems or software to perform tasks that demand human intelligence. It involves the creation of algorithms and models, enabling machines to perceive, reason, learn, and make valuable decisions. Artificial intelligence aims to stimulate human cognitive abilities, such as problem-solving, pattern recognition, natural language processing, etc. All thanks to the concept of Moravec Paradox for stimulating the power of AI and making it more advanced. 

In a nutshell, artificial intelligence is a very wide concept that encompasses the development of intelligent algorithms and systems. Robotics, on the other hand, is more focused on the design and the making of physical machines. Although, both fields can sometimes collaborate. Majorly, artificial intelligence is used to enhance the capabilities of robots. 

robotics and ai

Advancements In Artificial Intelligence

There is no technology coming any time soon that can beat the existence of artificial intelligence because it keeps on advancing itself in all aspects. From startups to well-established companies, everyone is inclined toward AI. As per Statista, from 2020 to 2022, yearly corporate global investment in AI startups increased by $5 billion. 

The existence of artificial intelligence has expanded in various fields, like healthcare, transportation, education, and more. Let’s look at some of the examples.  

Natural Language Processing

The advancement of AI is surprisingly getting better at an exponential rate; it is basically getting beyond our expectations. If we talk about the recent advancements in artificial intelligence, Github’s Copilot (an AI tool) came into existence. It helps in turning natural language prompts into better coding suggestions for speeding up the programming. Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri are two other examples of AI advancement.

Chatbot Contextual Technology

An AI Chatbot like ChatGPT is another advancement, where users can get everything; from poetries to coding. Isn’t that amazing? It uses deep learning to generate human-like text. Overall, artificial intelligence has become universal and is adding value to human lives. The potential of AI to revolutionize the digital world is unpredictable, and it is expected that by 2030, the global AI market will reach $1.5 trillion.

Medical Diagnosis

Healthcare mobile app development is another field where artificial intelligence expanded its advancement in order to maintain people’s well-being. With the help of AI, doctors can easily analyze the patient’s health suffering from complicated diseases. The AI integration in this field basically helps medical professionals to assess their health that the human eye may not detect in the first go. As a result, doctors get enough time and appropriate tools to treat patients effectively.

Augmented Reality

Artificial Intelligence is being used to enhance the augmented reality experience by making them more realistic and interactive. AI can analyze the user’s environment and create virtual objects that blend seamlessly with the physical world. It also enables more natural interactions with virtual objects, such as recognizing gestures and facial expressions.

Also, the former advancements, like the cloud, or the internet were indeed major, but none of them became popular as quickly as AI. As a result, the future of artificial intelligence seems unstoppable and will continue to grow even more.

robotics and artificial intelligence

Top Three Industries Utilizing Robotics

The robotics approach in industries like manufacturing, healthcare, or agriculture has been astonishingly remarkable as they can do a wide range of tasks. Here are a few examples of how robotics are impacting these industries. 


In manufacturing, robots are used to automate repetitive and dangerous tasks, such as welding and painting. For instance, Tesla uses artificial intelligence robots for assembling electric cars, which increases efficiency and reduces the risk of injury to workers. With time, it is expected that robotic manufacturing technology will become more safe.


Another industry where artificial intelligence robots are impacting is healthcare. It allows doctors or medical professionals to assist patients’ health, surgery, deliver medicines, and even track daily physical activities. For example, Da Vinci Surgical System is a robot that performs minimally invasive surgeries with great accuracy and control.


For automating tasks, such as planting, harvesting, and weed control, the existence of AI in agriculture is transforming the farming industry. In the modern world, farmers are already leveraging self-guided GPS inserted in tractors and harvesters. For instance, BoniRob is one of the artificial intelligence robots that identifies and removes weeds in fields. It reduces the need for herbicides and increases crop yields.

moravec paradox

Why Is Robotics Lagging Behind AI?

It is true that robotics and artificial intelligence are interdependent at some level; however, it has been observed that robotics still lags behind AI due to some factors. Let’s find out those reasons. 

Complexity and Physical Interaction

Robotics integrates hardware, mechanics, and sensors for developing physical systems to interact with the real world. And, here comes the first layer of complexity, which is absent in AI-based systems.

Developing a robot with versatility and reliability that can easily perform physical tasks is a challenging task. It demands additional engineering and design considerations, like power management. Integration of such aspects can slow down progress compared to the computational aspects of AI. 

Research and Development Focus

Recently, artificial intelligence has witnessed remarkable advancements, which have resulted in increased computational power, larger datasets, and algorithms. The continuous progress was managed by machine learning, deep learning, and neural networks. It majorly focuses on software-based intelligence.

The overall focus on the betterment of algorithms and models contributed to the success of computer vision, natural language processing, and better decision-making systems.

Safety and Ethical Concerns

Robotics have an involvement of physical systems that interact with humans and the physical world. Ensuring safety and addressing ethical concerns related to artificial intelligence robots is imperative.

Creating robots with the capability of avoiding crashes, and providing ethical solutions in vague situations adds another layer of complexity. These considerations demand a more careful development and testing process, contributing to the fact that robotics are lagging behind AI. 

Real-World Constraints

While AI can be developed and trained using vast amounts of digital data, robotics, on the other hand, operates in the physical world. The physical world can present unpredictable and complex scenarios that are challenging for robots to navigate and interact with.

Factors, like perception or manipulation in different environments, add complexity that requires advanced solutions. Addressing these real-world constraints has a combination of AI advancement techniques and robotic hardware. However, by pushing the boundaries of robotics, we can expect robots to operate more effectively even in complex and real-time environments. 

artificial intelligence in robots

Leverage AI and Robotics Integration Services with Appventurez

The integration of AI and robotics has the potential to revolutionize the industry, enhance productivity, and improve the overall human experience. Both, artificial intelligence and robotics complement each other in some or another way. However, AI is still considered an advanced technology compared to robotics because of Moravec Paradox. 

Artificial intelligence services, such as natural language processing and machine learning algorithms can enable decision-making and predictive capabilities. It helps in making data-driven decisions and gaining a competitive edge in the market. 

Embrace this transformative technology with Appventurez and unlock the potential of innovation and shape the future of your business with us. We are a well-known AI app development company with years of experience in the field. Our experts are proficient in the latest tools and technologies and can meet your business expectations. 

So, explore the possibilities, collaborate with our experts, and unlock the potential for increased efficiency, productivity, and growth. Seize the opportunity today and thrive your business at an unprecedented rate.

ai robots 


Q. What is Moravec Paradox?

Moravec Paradox refers to an observation that computers find easy to perform tasks, like logical reasoning as compared to tasks related to sensory and motor skills.

Q. Why is robotics lagging behind AI?

Robotics has an involvement of physical hardware and mechanics, adding more complexity and cost compared to AI as it majorly deals with software algorithms.

Q. Do you think robotics will catch up to AI in the coming future?

Yes, it is expected that robotics will move towards technological advancement. The integration of AI will enable robotics to walk on the same path of success and become more versatile.

Q. How does Moravec Paradox relate to robotics and AI?

Moravec Paradox has implications for both robotics and AI as it highlights the inconsistency between AI advancements and robotics, which involves physical interactions with the physical world.

Ajay Kumar
Ajay Kumar

CEO at Appventurez

Ajay Kumar has 15+ years of experience in entrepreneurship, project management, and team handling. He has technical expertise in software development and database management. He currently directs the company’s day-to-day functioning and administration.

Fill in the Details and Let Us Get Back to You

Our team looks forward to hearing from you and
these details will help us to get back

Join the global innovators

Global innovators

    Do you need an NDA first?

    8 + 2