Blog / Mobile App Development / How to Choose the Right Technology Stack for your Mobile App

How to Choose the Right Technology Stack for your Mobile App

Ajay Kumar By Ajay Kumar | July 19, 2019
mobile app technology stack

Mobile application development is such a mighty task.

Coming up with an app idea for execution, engaging target audience along with driving large profit/revenue can never be an easy and uninteresting mission.

Certainly, the whole process of converting the idea into a profit-making app involves brainstorming to take decisions in terms of technology and business agenda. 

After the brainstorming session, chances are that you must now have an outstanding and revolutionizing app idea and you must have chosen the optimum features for your app. But in order to make your app stand apart in the crowd, you will be required to choose the appropriate technology stack teamed with exclusive ideation and other factors. 

Irrespective of whichever mobile app development process you are following, it would never turn successful and rewarding until you choose the right technology stack. 

It is the technology stack that has the ability to make or break your application’s reputation in the mobile app industry.

In this article, we will be highlighting the importance of choosing the right technology stack for mobile application development while offering you a few worthy tips in order to select the most suitable one. 

But before that, let us quickly strengthen our understanding about what tech stack is-

What is a Technology Stack?

The technology stack is basically a set of frameworks and tools that are required to develop a software product. And when it comes to mobile app development, the complete technology stack is divided into four main areas that work together to create a functionalized mobile application.

Here are the four main areas which together make a complete technology stack-

  • Frontend 

The user interface through which  users interact with the app

  • Backend 

The server that takes the users’ input and then converts it into the output. 

  • Development platform

The platform where all the technologies, frameworks, languages, tools together are used to design and develop the mobile application.

  • Additional requirements

Those components which affect the security, robustness, and performance of the mobile application

Now when you are done with the basic understanding of what mobile app technology stack means, it is also essential to understand why it is important to find the best technology stack. Let us figure it out-

Importance of Finding the Best Mobile App Tech Stack

There are a number of traits or elements that depend on the selection of the appropriate mobile application technology stack. It is something that would actually decide whether the app is robust or will it be able to scale various versions of different operating systems among many other traits.

Hence, choosing the right and appropriate technology stack is surely going to affect the immediate performance of the mobile application while ensuring its future growth. Though the cost of mobile app development, the right time to market the app are the obvious and initial tasks but neglecting or giving less importance to tech stack can actually lead to more problems in your app.

(Read also: Three Stages Strategies to promote your Mobile Application)

So, now we are done with the basic understanding of what is a technology stack and why it is so important to find the right tech. It is the time to look at the technology stacks that fuels the development of scalable, robust, powerful, innovative web and mobile applications

Native App Technology Stack

Preferred by many app development companies, Native apps are known for their performance and robustness. These apps allow developers/ businesses to integrate the device’s in-built functionalities in the mobile application.

technology stack for Native apps

Furthermore, when we talk about a technology used for a native app, it is quite obvious to mention iOS and Android apps. 

As both of these platforms are different from each other with different capabilities and languages, it is mandatory to choose entirely different tech stack for both of them.

So, without further ado, let us delve into both iOS and Android mobile app technology stack for better understanding –

Technology Stack for Android Mobile Apps

Kotlin is known as the official programming language for Android app development but Android app developers still find Java language the most prominent one.

technology stack for Android Mobile apps

And when it comes to IDE, Android Studio and Eclipse are the most commonly used software for development purposes.

It has been proven that with the help of these Android tech stacks, developers are able to increase the total app count to millions and thus enrich the overall Android App development industry along with making it the most viable and best option to reach the masses

Technology Stack for iOS Mobile Apps

technology stack for IOS Mobile Apps

There are two most preferred languages for iOS app development – Swift & Objective-C. And IntelliJ AppCode and Apple XCode are the toolkits commonly used by iPhone and iPad app developers.

And when these languages and toolkit are brought together, they form the foundation of the iOS app domain earning respect in the mobile app industry.

While this is all about Native applications, the development of apps that run on the web would call for a different set of tech stack. Hence, it is time to cover Hybrid apps.

Technology Stack for Hybrid Apps

technology stack for Hybrid apps

The standard web technology that is required to develop hybrid apps includes HTML5, CSS, JavaScript. The hybrid apps can easily run on all the platforms along with offering access to API and acquiring device storage and a camera etc.

These apps are sectioned into two portions – native shell and backend whereas it also has three commonly used frameworks – Ionic, Sencha Touch 2 and Cordova.

When we had touched the Native tech stack and Hybrid tech stack, it will be unfair not to touch the tech stack for Cross-Platform App Development. Let us check out Cross-Platform tech stack-

Technology Stack for Cross-Platform Apps

Technology Stack for Cross-Platform app

Cross-platform app development basically refers to the process of using the same code for developing applications that can run on multiple platforms like iOS, Android and even the Web.

More often businesses tend to prefer cross-platform app development over Native because the process lends greater geographical coverage, lower app development cost and faster go to market time.

Flutter, Xamarin, React Native are the three major mobile app development technologies that take place in the cross-platform technology stack.

With this, we are done with the best technology stack for mobile app development of Native apps, Hybrid apps, and Cross-Platform apps and now it is the right time to indulge in something that matters more to a mobile app building company. And that is knowing How to Choose the Best Technology Stack for Mobile Application.

How to Pick the Appropriate Tech Stack for Mobile App 

Below are the factors that can influence the mobile app technology stack choice for mobile app development

  1. App Considerations
  2. Objective of App
  3. Skillset of Development team
  4. Huge community support
  5. Access to Multi-platform
  6. Security considerations
  7. Compatibility aspect

App Considerations

There is no denying that each app is different from another app in various ways. The devices on which the app would have to work, the network conditions it would need for operation, the preferable go to market time, the platform it would require to run, along with greater user experience and many other factors differentiate an app from the other.

When clubbed together, all these elements help the developers in terms of deciding the framework, language, software, and library they should use in order to develop a mobile application.

Objective of App

The end goal or objective of the app is crucial in the technology stack for the development of a mobile application.

When one question what is an application stack, the answer should be that there is a difference in the mobile app technology stack choice when developing a high latency app and low latency app.

Meanwhile, if the mobile app is dependent on heavy load processing, there is a need for a robust technology stack compared to the app that operates around streamlined interactions.

(Read more: when we talk about technology, it is must-know technology trends that are going to re-shape economy )

Skill Set of Development Team

There are a few frameworks and mobile application development languages that offer similar results but have certain typical differentiating factors that separate one from the other.

If you are required to decide between two tech stacks that are quite similar to each other, it is wise and worthy to go as per the developer’s skill-set.

And if you try to push your development team to pick a tech stack they are not acquainted with, the overall time taken to build an app along with the efforts and cost of the mobile app development process will increase.  

However, if you let them use the familiar technology stack they are comfortable with, the overall process and quality of the app development phase will come up better.


Huge Community Support

There are many well-known brands that offer better documentation and community support as compared to others. Tech giants like Google, Mircosoft, Adobe are known for offering better community support along with advanced development options than Facebook with React Native.

Hence, it is advisable to go for such a community offering precise documentation that will ultimately make developers to understand the concept in less time.

Access through Multi-Platform

There is an upside-down mobile app technology stack difference to build the apps that run on a single platform as compared to the one run on all the platforms.

Nowadays, apps that can run smoothly across multiple platforms like Android and iOS are in trend. In other words, cross-platform or hybrid apps have started gaining their share of presence in the market and hence you should also consider this aspect if you want to expand business across the world.

Security Considerations

Security-related issues appear more for customized mobile applications as they are highly exposed to cyber-attacks. No matter, whichever mobile app technology stack you are utilizing in your mobile application, the hackers would always find a way to hit the weak spots which you might have left during the whole process of development.

Therefore, if you do not select the sufficiently and properly documented technology stack, your mobile application may prone to various risks. However, hiring expert testers who can meet the mobile app’s security requirements through their skills and cutting-edge tools is a bonus to your organization.

Compatibility Aspect

It is mandatory to choose the right and most appropriate mobile application technology stack which is just apt for your business model,  compatible with the current technology set in the project and matches the geography of the target audience.  

Also, it is crucial to have an understanding prior to whether the tech stack of your choice will remain compatible in the future when you will be integrating new features into the app.

Concluding all the thoughts and tips, the outcome is that the choice of the appropriate tech stack for your mobile app development project is crucial and needs to be taken care of with the utmost caution. In addition, you will be required to take into account the expertise of the development team along with your development plans. 

If you are still confused regarding the choice of an accurate tech stack for your mobile application, feel free to connect with our tech-savvy experts for guidance. 

(Bonus Read: Complete Guide to Successful App Development for Startups in 2019)

FAQs

How do I choose a technology stack?

There are factors that can influence the mobile app technology stack choice for mobile app development projects. Those factors are-
a. App Considerations
b. Objective of App
c. Skillset of Development team
d. Huge community support
e. Access to Multi-platform
f. Security considerations
g. Compatibility aspect

What are the different Technology Stacks?

There are different tech stack for Native apps, Cross-Platform apps, and Hybrid apps meant to be used as per the need and requirement of the mobile app development project.

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Ajay Kumar
Ajay Kumar

A young entrepreneurial technocrat who is the Co-Founder & CEO at Appventurez Mobitech. After completion of his masters in Computer Application, he dived into the world of technology as an iOS developer. As a CEO, he firmly believes teamwork and collaboration are the essential tools for any company’s success.

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