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Vue Vs React- Which Framework Is A Winner In 2020?

Omji Mehrotra By Omji Mehrotra | March 8, 2020
vue vs react

Choosing the smart option out of the best one is always a risky affair. Neither you can leave the important one nor you are in the favor of losing the powerful one. 

This is somehow similar when it comes to a power-packed comparison between React vs Vue framework. Javascript is the backbone of the web app development project but choosing the best JavaScript front-end framework still remains a million-dollar question. 

The constant fight between whether to choose React vs Vue framework is still on. Hence to make you choose the best from this duo, the following scrolls will help you out.

Vue Vs ReactWhich Framework To Choose In 2020

Before beginning with the parameters to finalize which framework will top your choice- here is a State of JavaScript Survey 2019 showcasing response for mobile app developers

which framework to choose

Another survey showed Vue has surpassed Angular and secured second position just like React vs Angular comparative analysis showed. 

And this is just the beginning!

Let’s get started from the very beginning of both the frameworks- Vue vs React.

What Is React js?

Facebook though launched React.js in the form of Syntax, it was officially launched in 2013. It is one of the most celebrated frameworks. It is meant to create, develop and operate a dynamic user interface of the web/app pages. 

It aims at fragmenting the UI into a collection of components in order to simplify the app/web development process of visual interfaces. React is thoroughly used to build single-page applications with the help of its USP- the virtual DOM. 

Read Also- How app development with React Native can reduce cost?

After further refinements, React is open-source and was adopted by approx 3 million front-end developers in 2013. After making further refinements, React gained a strong reputation in the market next year. This is the reason, React Native is the future of hybrid apps.

What Is Vue js?

Developed by Evan You, Vue js is said to be the youngest but the most potent member Javascript framework community.

After making further refinements in Vue, it was in the year 2019, all the drawbacks were partially removed. This enables in offering flexibility to create another level of web applications. 

With it, let us begin with the core of both the strong frontend frameworks. 

3 things to know before moving ahead- 

License 

Before beginning with any of the frameworks-Vue vs React, it is important to go through their licensing policy. Both of these frameworks use the MIT license that provides them limited restrictions to reuse.  Hence, it is suggested to go through the licensing policy of these frameworks before indulging with them fully.

Popularity

Both the framework are popular in their specific ways. A few among them are- 

  • NPM Trends

According to NPM Trends, it has been noticed that React is the most lovable and downloaded framework. The trend alert is something that might make app developers choose React to app development. But at the same time, it should not be considered the only measure to go ahead with the same. 

npm trends
  •  Stack overflow trends

Even here, React is still securing the top position leaving behind Angular. Meanwhile, Vue is gradually growing from the last few years.

stack overflow trend
  •  GitHub trends

When it comes to which framework to choose in terms of forks, view rates, and stars, GitHub showed Vue got more stars whereas React got more forks and view rates. 

GitHub trends

In the midst of all, both React vs Vue similarities too just like their differences. So, before indulging into the differences, let’s check out the similarities first. 

What Is Similar Between React Vs Vue Framework?

Both React and Vue commonly share-

  • Virtual DOM.
  • Offers reactive and composable view components
  • Focuses on core libraries along with seeing at concerns like routing, global state management.

These 3 points are just the beginning, there are more React vs Vue similarities. 

React vs Vue Performance 

When it comes to speed, both React vs Vue framework offer exceptional and similar fast speed. This similarity between both makes it a dicey task to choose one. Hence, React Native for startups can be an apt choice for mobile application projects.

Scale

Both Vue vs React are a considerable choice when working on a large application. The community that supports React has smart and innovative state management solutions. The state management solutions along with Redux can easily be integrated into Vue applications too. On the other hand Vue with further advancements has taken this action a few steps ahead with Vuex. Vuex offers a way more superior development experience to the app developers. 

When this was about the most common similarity between them, there is also an in-depth difference between React and Vue. 

Let’s catch them up one by one- 

What Is The Difference Between Vue Vs React?

Architecture

React uses HTML documents through virtual DOM while following a declarative programming style. The component-based approach stabilized in it helps in giving more speed and flexibility for developing complex level applications. Along with all these, React uses Flux architecture via single-direction data flow that somewhat looks like- 

Actions– it initiates data flow by transferring data to dispatchers.

Dispatcher– after transferring data, the dispatcher receives actions and later passes that data to all stores. 

Stores after the process fill the app’s state and update it for the next relevant actions. 

After it, views receive data from a store and again re-render components. 

react vs vue performance

When it comes to which framework to choose, Vue is said to be the most popular open-source framework meant for building complex UI. Also, it is said to be the most celebrated framework labeled as a progressive framework. This results in migrating existing projects’ one feature at a time. Apart from that, as per the developer’s requirements, Vue can easily bridge between a lightweight library and a full-fledged framework.

Moving on to its components, Vue also uses two-way binding and virtual DOM similar to React. 

Templates

The next difference between Vue vs React is the way they both handle templates. 

 Vue has a traditional approach that uses Single File Components and distinct blocks for HTML templates, JS and Styles. The placements of things make it easy for app developers to learn the framework precisely. 

Also, developers can add JS functionality along with bindings and custom directives to the Vue framework. The templates laid in them allows developers to migrate projects to Vue. This enables in customizing- 

  • SCSS or CSS scoping rather than CSS. 
  • Helps in writing code in preprocessors 
  • Enables drop templates for rendering functions or JSX. 

When this is about Vue, React makes the use of JSX where CSS and HTML are expressed via JavaScript through XML syntax. This systematic use of languages allows one to build standalone GUI components. 

State Management

The state here denotes data sharing between UI components. 

When it comes to which framework to choose for developing apps using React, State management is supposed to be the best choice. In it, there are a plethora of frameworks like Redux that helps in massive states. The Redux-like framework makes the process of debugging easier and simpler. 

On the other hand, Vue is said to have no requirement for a local state. There is no requirement because developers can modify data through the data property of the Vue project. But when it talks about React vs Vue comparison in terms of bigger applications with more complicated features, an external library for state management is still required with Vue JS. Meanwhile, Vue comes with its solution- Vuex. 

Popularity

The popularity of Vue vs React depends upon how they both bring solutions to the developer’s requirements. The solution should enable it to bring ease when developing applications without losing grip over the core element. 

Community support

community support

Vue got a little less market share but at the same time, its community is expanding. Though its community size is growing, Vue has fewer resources, third-party libraries, packages as compared to Vue vs React available tool. Also, when it comes to supporting, Vue got support from all major IDEs. 

github community

When comparing Vue vs React , React has a huge community that offers tutorials, articles, online courses and questions/answers on Stackoverflow. 

Huge community reflects a huge ecosystem of third-party libraries, tools, packages, along with extensive in order to support major IDEs. As the framework is supported by Facebook, the refinements do take in it making it a better choice. 

Availability Of Experts

When talking about Vue vs React, React is often picked for a maximum number of projects, it has got more experienced developers and experts. 

framework for developers

Moving on to Vue, there is a little less number of experienced experts. But no doubt, with continuous refinements and advancements in terms of features, functionality, and technology, Vue has got a good number of programmers willing to learn the language. Also, due to being easy, the number of Vue developers are gradually increasing. 

Documentation

Vue vs React shows React’s documentation got React development basics along with advanced concepts of it. Meanwhile, as per developers, the presentation in it is still not well structured and accessible to a certain extent. 

Meanwhile, on the other hand, Vue has preferred docs and API references. They all are written precisely, absolutely clear and accessible helping greatly when developing Vue applications. Also, these documents are also translated into various languages, where English is the core. 

Ecosystem

When it comes to Vue vs React, one of the most dominating differences between both is the use of a framework. Vue is a standalone framework whereas React can only be used when merged with other technologies. 

React depends upon external solutions for state management and routing. 

ecosysytem react

Meanwhile, when we talk about Vue, it does not require a local state for modifying data. It uses the data property of a Vue object for the local state processes. But when it comes to which framework to choose for developing a large number of applications, there will be external library requirements for state management.

react vs vue comparison

React Vs Vue Performance

There are basically two ways to understand app speed- runtime performance and start-up time.

Hence, when choosing the framework, ensure to check runtime performance and its related benchmark. The check on runtime performance will help in startup times, operations duration, memory allocation for libraries and JS Frameworks.

Now when it comes to libraries of Vue vs React, both React and Vue’s got excellent library performance. But Vue is a little better in terms of memory allocation and startup times whereas React succeeds with faster runtime. 

Scalability

When we talk about front-end frameworks, scalability serves two purposes. The first one belongs to expanding a single-page application whereas the second one is dedicated to traditional MPA. 

Now comparing scalability, Vue is apt for creating interactive multiple app pages. The scalability factor helps in importing the core library by injecting Vue into the prevailing pages. Meanwhile, the need for using components for simpler features eliminated here. 

Now when we talk about Vue vs React,  React is lightweight and meant to be used in traditional multi-page applications. In it, it is possible to import the library along with adding JS features with the components. Furthermore, its library is apt for large SPAs. 

 Server-Side Rendering

Server-Side Rendering denoted as SSR is one of the most important elements for a great user experience. It enables developers to quickly load interactable templates and spread it later with the content itself. 

Its absence can cause users to experience the empty page in the app when the content keeps getting loaded. 

Comparing SSR in Vue vs React, Vue is leading the race with its SSR capabilities and a detailed guide placed in the documentation. 

Ease Of Deployment

After the completion of the app development project, the next step is to deploy the app in the play store. 

In this regard, React is seen as a good choice when the app is written in JS, where the need for compilation and HTML optimization is eliminated. Vue, on the other side, is a little difficult approach. With larger apps, developers need to use Vue CLI. 

Mobile Devices

React Native undoubtedly is said to be the king of cross-platform app development. The framework allows one to reuse 99% of JS code between iOS and Android app development.

It allows one to create 100% native widgets while handling the view layer as a pure state output. This ensures to develop companion apps for both the platforms- Android and iOS app that looks native and performs like that too. 

But Vue, on the other hand, lacks this. 

These are the 13 concrete differences between the frameworks. Somewhere Vue leads the race and sometimes React seems like a clear winner. Both the framework are perfect in their own style carrying the best of elements, features, and functionalities. 

Now, with it, let us quickly look at the cons and benefits of React vs Vue for finalizing which one to choose for the next mobile app development company’s project. 

What Are The Pros & Cons Of React?

The Pros of React JS are-

  1. Reusable Component– React JS uses the components leaving the chances to split the app UI into independent, reusable pieces. And each piece of components can be seen in isolation. 
  2. Virtual DOM– React JS perfectly overcomes the DOM’s inefficiencies through Virtual DOM. The DOM represents elements and attributes as a node tree.
  3. Community support– As React JS is an open-source community, there is large community support behind it. 

The Cons of React JS are- 

  1. Development pace– React JS is always seen in a state of flux. Everyday other day new features are being added into it whereas the older ones get deprecated. This results in the refinement in the framework but creates an uncomfortable situation for developers to match it.
  2. Conventions– React JS is a young lad in the world of mobile app development. As it is developed by Facebook, there is less number of established conventions to speak of. 
  3. Rigid learning curve– Compared to the older framework, React JS being the young lad carries a pretty large library and documentation.  

What Are The Pros & Cons of Vue js?

The Pros of Vue JS are- 

  1. Small size– Vue is small in size as the framework somewhere weighs only 18KB. The framework is pretty fast to download and can be installed for the library. This makes it positively impact SEO and UX areas. 
  2. Virtual DOM– Vue JS effectively utilizes Virtual DOM in order to figure out what elements to update without the need to render the whole DOM. The approach results in making the page render quickly while improving the performance of the app. 
  3. Two-way data binding– With two-way binding being integrated into the Vue, it is easier to update related components while tracking the updated data. 
  4. Components and readability– Every piece of the app/web page in Vue is considered as a component. These components showcase encapsulated elements of the app interface. In Vue, each component can be written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript without the need to split them into separate files. 
  5. Ecosystem- Vue JS till now has got a powerful set of tools with browser debugging tools, server-rendered, and state manager on its side. 
  6. Easy to learn– Vue does not require in-depth knowledge of JSX, libraries, Typescript. It can be used when developers have an understanding of CSS, JavaScript, and HTML. 
  7. Documentation– Vue’s documentation is well-structured covering all the major topics. The documentation precisely describes everything starting from installing it to its reactivity and app scaling. 
  8. Community support- Vue is getting good community support gradually making it the most preferred choice of mobile app development.

The cons of Vue JS are- 

  1. The barrier in Language– As Vue is increasingly popular in China, a significant amount of it is documented in the Chinese language. 
  2. Complexity- The reactivity system in Vue renders only that data component that is triggered by the user.
  3. Large scale projects– Vue JS is still a young lad in the town with gradually increasing community size. Due to this, the framework is still not compatible with large scale projects but can be used later when the team size will increase. 
  4. Limited resources– Vue is still limited with resources as compared to React. The difference between React and Vue is in hundreds. 
  5. Fewer experts– As Vue is relatively young, it has got a little less number of experienced developers. 

When this was it, there is a list of companies proudly using both the frameworks. 

List Of Companies Using React JS & Vue JS

Mobile/Web Apps Made with Vue & React

Companies using React JS-

  1. Facebook
  2. Instagram
  3. Netflix
  4. New York Times
  5. Whatsapp
  6. Codeacademy
  7. Dropbox
  8. UberEats
  9. AirBnb

Companies using Vue JS

  1. Alibaba
  2. Grammarly
  3. Gitlab
  4. Netflix
  5. Adobe
  6. Grammarly
  7. Behance
  8. Xiaomi
  9. Codeship
  10. Gitlab
  11. Laracasts

Future Scope Of React JS & Vue JS?

Vue vs React- Both the frameworks with their set of features, functionality, and community is building greatly every day. The frameworks are somewhere similar whereas they are different on the basis of performance, capability. DOM and many other things. 

React JS which can be used for Large scale projects lacks when Vue renders the same. Vue is still not compatible with large scale projects but with the gradual support from community members, there are chances that it will also outshine soon.

Meanwhile, both the frameworks are special and apt for specific mobile and web app development and should be chosen carefully. 

If still encountered with confusion, our experts are just a click away. Connect with us for a clear understanding.

Omji Mehrotra
Omji Mehrotra

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez. An accomplished Android and React Native developer who is a fan of clean and optimized code, he is a passionate team builder having smart project managerial skills and has a deep love to provide end to end solution.

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