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Vue js vs Angular: Which Framework to Choose in 2021

Omji Mehrotra By Omji Mehrotra | August 8, 2019
vue-js-vs-angular

While searching for the best framework, you must have seen the glimpse of Vue js and Angular comparison and a never-ending tale attached to it on the internet. Finding the comparison relatable and the tales quite relevant to your app development project, you must have clicked on some of the links seeing endless articles debating and comparing which one is better than another one.

And while digging, you must have noticed statistics, trends, downloads, features, Github stars, advantages, almost everything is used to compare both the frameworks.

If you are a beginner, a freelancer, an experienced developer, before choosing Vue or Angular,  it is wise to be aware of the advantages and drawbacks of each framework inch by inch. 

Here, in this article, we will be highlighting what differentiates the frameworks and what makes one better than another. 

Let’s get started. 

Here is a comparison chart highlighting the points of difference that stand between both the popular frameworks- Vue.js or Angular

factors-of-vue-js.angular

Both Angular and Vue are similar in terms of syntax but the use cases are entirely different. 

Backed by Google, Angular is a highly popular open-source platform meant for designing dynamic websites and applications.

A number of financial institutions and tech giants like Instagram, WhatsApp, PayPal have used Angular to base their project on. 

The framework falls under the category of MEAN stack and is supported by a wide range of code editors. Here are the popular websites made using Angular-

Then we have Vue created by Evan You. It is an open-source framework and is highly recognized for developing a single page web application.

Basically, the pitch of Vue is to build progressive and JavaScript applications quickly and precisely. Giants like GitLab, Grammarly, Alibaba are known to show their trust in Vue.js.

Here are the popular websites made using Vue.js

Both of these frameworks, while different on many grounds are supported by a number of reputed brands.

angular-vs-vuejs branding

Now, in order to understand, measure one framework against another, and to know which JavaScript framework you should choose in 2021, it is important to first understand where its strengths and weaknesses lie.

Taking the same intent forward, let us look into the pros and cons that come attached with both the frameworks individually. 

Here are the pro and cons of Angular

Pro of Angular

Pro of Angular
  • Outstanding MVP

Many of the available frameworks require programmers to split apps into multiple MVC components. Once the process is done, the programmer is again required to write code to put all the components together. 

With Angular, it is easy to string the coding component together, automatically. And the process ultimately helps in saving time along with reducing the app’s time- to market.

  • Server-Side-Rendering

Angular JS framework offers more advanced and better SSR features which improve the page speed on the client-side. 

  • Filters and Tools

With the Angular framework, it is possible to blend various tools and filters into the development environment while offering high-speed front-end experience. 

  • Testing and Maintenance

Angular IO framework comes with advanced refactoring and debugging options helping developers in the testing and maintenance process. 

  • Easy to Understand

The code written in AngularJS is easy to understand and also easy to maintain. Furthermore, clients are not required to take help from developers as they can change the codes depending on the business need.

Cons of Angular

cons of angular
  • Not compatible with MVC

Using Angular can be extremely time-consuming if you still using the traditional approach and are completely unfamiliar with Model-View-Controller architectural patterns.

  • Scopes

If you are using Angular for the first time, scopes can be complex entities to handle. Apart from that, it is quite difficult to debug scopes. 

  • Difficult Features

Angular js features like factories and dependency can be difficult and problematic for the developers who are still using the traditional method for developing apps. 

Here are pro and cons of Vue.js

Pro of Vue.js

Pro of Vue.js
  • Small Size

One of the greatest advantages of Vue.js is its small size. It takes no time to download and use it. The size of Vue.js does not hamper the speed of it. 

  • Easy to Understand

Vue structure is famous for being easy to understand. Using the framework, both small, as well as large scales templates, can be developed in a lot less time. 

  • Easy Integration

Since Vue is based on a JavaScript framework, it is much easier to integrate it into other applications, which are built on JavaScript. 

  • Documentation 

Developers always prefer to use detailed documentation when writing their first application. And luckily, the documentation that Vue.js comes with, is comprehensive enough even for those who only know a little about JavaScript and HTML. 

  • Flexibility 

Since Vue.js is flexible, it allows developers to write a template in HTML file, JavaScript file, and pure JavaScript file using virtual nodes. This flexibility comes in handy during the development process of simple applications that run directly from browsers.

  • Two-way Communications

Last but definitely not the least, Vue.js facilitates a two-way communication at the back of its MVVM architecture, making it easy to handle HTML blocks. 

Two-way communications

As we are done with the basic understanding of both Vue and Angular, let us figure out the factors to choose the right development framework.

Cons of Vue.js

cons of vue.js
  • Small Community Support

Vue.js is a relatively new framework compared to React and Angular, that’s why it is not supported by a large community of active developers. 

  • Language Barrier

Vue coding is written in the Chinese language which complicates things for non-native speakers to read. 

  • Fewer Plugins

As the framework is still in its developing stage, support for important plugins is missing. Furthermore, due to missing plugins, developers are required to switch to other languages for assistance.

Factors to Choose the Right Development Framework

  1. Learning curve
  2. Popularity
  3. Complexity
  4. Scalability
  5. Architecture
  6. Typescript support
  7. App performance
  8. Data binding
  9. Flexibility
  10. Testing
  11. Mobility solution

Learning Curve

In order to develop an application with an Angular frontend development framework, you need to hold expertise in concepts like MVC and TypeScript. 

Whereas this is not the situation with Vue.js as it offers inbuilt app templates and higher customization making easier to learn.

Popularity

According to a survey on the state of JavaScript, the percentage of people who have never heard of Vue has been reduced from 5% to 1% in just a year, highlighting the growing popularity and acceptance of Vue in the market.

Interest Over time

But even after getting higher stars and forks from GitHub, Vue is still lagging behind in terms of commits and contributors. A factor where Angular is ahead of Vue.js.

Complexity

Since Vue.js developed much later compared to other JS frameworks including React and Angular, it is much simpler in terms of API and design.

Scalability

When considering scalability factors, Angular is leading the race because of the simple reason that it carries proper modular development structure whereas Vue.js employs template-based syntax, which reduces the reusability of code in large size apps.


Architecture

If we look at Angular, it implements MVC( Model-View-Controller) and MVVM(Model-View-ViewModel) which is meant for creating dynamic websites and web applications. And on the other hand, Vue focuses majorly only on the ViewModel while showing the limited data. 

TypeScript Support

It is not possible to code in the Angular ecosystem without TypeScript whereas Vue.js is meant for writing codes. Furthermore, the latter also provides developers official typings and decorator for collaborating TypeScript features into the Vue development environment. 

App Performance

virtual dom

In the web and mobile app development industry, the performance level is associated with DOM (Document Object Model).

If we talk about Angular, it uses real DOM in which the whole web/app page is rendered even upon a change in a single component. Whereas Vue.js works with Virtual DOM in which changes are reflected on the real DOM on modified components.

Data Binding

Similar to React, Vue.js also relies on the concept of one-way data binding. Data binding is a concept where the UI elements cannot be altered before changing the model state. 

Moving on to Angular, it employs a two-way binding approach where model state changes whenever UI element changes and vice-versa.

Flexibility

Flexibility is the next factor taking place on the list of factors to choose the best JS frameworks.

When compared to Angular, Vue.js is less opinionated providing developers support for a wide range of build systems with no constraint on the app structure. 

Testing

When considering testing as the prime factor, Angular is better than Vue.js. The former carries a testing mechanism, offers multiple tools like Karma and Jasmine. These tools are required for testing the complete development code individually.

Moving on to Vue.js, it lacks the appropriate testing guidelines making it challenging for developers to deliver a bug-free application. 

Mobility Solution

Vue.js is apt for designing lightweight single page applications having easy interface whereas Angular is a web-based framework required for creating real-time apps like chat applications or instant messaging. 

These are a few of the parameters through which you can gain some understanding regarding which framework would be apt for your application. 

We know how confusing long texts can turn out to be. So here are pointer-based answers to When to use which framework.

When to Nod Yes to Angular Framework

node yes to angular framework

When to Nod Yes to Vue.js Framework

node yes to vue.js framework

We have reached the end of this article. If you still can’t decide on what to choose for your app development project, consulting our skilled app developers might help.

Let us guide you.

Omji Mehrotra
Omji Mehrotra

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez. An accomplished Android and React Native developer who is a fan of clean and optimized code, he is a passionate team builder having smart project managerial skills and has a deep love to provide end to end solution.

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