Blog / App Programming Language / Nodejs vs Golang – What To Choose For Backend Web Development?

Nodejs vs Golang – What To Choose For Backend Web Development?

Omji Mehrotra By Omji Mehrotra | January 17, 2020
nodejs-vs-golang

Do you know the secret behind the success of apps like Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp?

If you are guessing the concept, the idea, the hype, the app, the UI/UX of the app are a show stopper, well, you are somewhere close. 

Apart from these things, the backend force that drives these aspects is the real show stopper of the applications. 

The backend of the app is the most integral part of the applications and choosing the right backend technology for making it highly effective and scalable is extremely important. 

To make things easier, there are a plethora of programming languages to choose from to complete this task. However, the task becomes difficult as there are many languages and choosing one among them is nothing smaller than a challenge in itself. 

Here in this blog, to make things a bit easier, we are going to compare the two most prominent programming languages- Nodejs vs Golang. Both the languages though are evolving but have proved their worth for different projects. 

So, without further ado, let us dive deeper to know the winner in the end.

What is Nodejs

Introduced in 2009 and built on Google Chrome’s V8, Nodejs written in JavaScript is an open-source, server-side runtime environment. It is one of the most preferred choices by developers when it comes to cross-platform app development. Also, be an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model design, it is most recommended to develop highly scalable server-side applications. 

When it comes to why use node js, the answer is – it becomes easier for mobile app developers to write both server-side and client-side scripts all by using a single language. Furthermore, support from Linux, Unix, Windows, Mac is filled with open-source JS libraries meant for simplifying web application development using Nodejs.
By offering the best, the preference of this technology hiked in the year 2017, as per Google Trends, and is still high.

nodejs vs golang

What Are The Benefits Of Using Nodejs

  1. Robust Technology Stack
  2. Event-based Model and Fast Processing
  3. Rich Ecosystem
  4. Strong Corporate Support

Let us now figure out the benefits one by one- 

Offering too much for developing a web application, Nodejs has proven its name in the app development world. It can be proven by the report that almost 368,985,988 downloads with over 750 new contributors, the technology is growing better and stronger every day.

Using it as backend technology, developers would get the ease of- 

#1 Technology Stack

  • Efficiency and developer productivity
  • Reusing and sharing code
  • Performance and speed 
  • Team knowledge building
  • Free tools

Also, by being flexible, the development time becomes less time-consuming bringing in fast and reliable software. Meanwhile, for frontend development, developers can do programming with minimum effort.

#2 Event-Based Model And Fast Processing

Compared to well-known technology like GO, Java, PHP, Nodejs is proven fast while handling concurrent requests too. 

Moving on, the V8 engine, developed for Chrome is meant to compile JavaScript functions into machine code that too at a good speed. Also, due to continuous improvements made to the V8 by Google, it has demonstrated the best performance every year giving an extra edge to Nodejs to excel. 

Next in the line is the event-based model. The benefits of languages used for both server/client-side helps in synchronizing fast affecting event-based real-time applications. Besides, its asynchronous, single-threaded, non-blocking nature, Nodejs has made itself the apt choice for chats, video conferences, gaming or for any project for constant updations.  

#3 Rich Ecosystem

Nodejs is quite rich due to 836,000 libraries and more than 10,000 published every week in its npm registry. We being the top web app development company has analyzed that more than 97% of a modern web application consists of npm modules. Thus, it is obvious to its being the most preferred choice among developers.

#4 Corporate Support

IBM, Microsoft, Fidelity, SAP, PayPal being the founding member of Nodejs validates how it can become a great corporate support.

Also, organizations using it for their business operations are also highly increasing making it the best and trustworthy among others. 

This is the reason, around 300 well-known companies including Trello, Uber, Medium, PayPal are using Nodejs app development for their operations.

What is Golang

Golang is Google’s product created in the year 2007 is commonly known for being open-source multi-purpose, statically-typed. The language is a combination of C/C++ security and performance along with carrying the speed of Python.

Golang performance is widely known for handling concurrent programming while being recommended for garbage collection handlings, dynamic interfaces, and memory safety. Also, the language is apt for cloud-based interfaces, real-time application development, microservices, and networking applications. Hence, get an in-depth understanding of why use Go language for the next project can become fruitful for you.

What Are The Benefits Of Using Golang

  1. It is Fast
  2. Learning Capabilities
  3. Standard Library
  4. Support For Testing
  5. Static Analysis Tools
  6. Garbage Collection
  7. Concurrency Model

This is the crux of Golang performance, here is the detailed summary of these points- 

#1 Golang Is Fast

Google’s Golang is fast due to its compiled to machine code. Also, programs created on Go are also compiled fast, thus results in small binary. 

#2 Learning Capabilities

What catches Google’s Go vs Node attention is learning capabilities. Due to Go’s small syntax, it can be easily learned by web app developers. Also, the language is quite clean and easy to read.

#3 Standard Library

Golang performance can be proven through a sound library along with having built-in functions with primitive types. Furthermore, it involves packages that made the language easy to handle I/O, web server along with manipulating raw bytes and cryptography. 

#4 Support For Testing

Another reason for using Google’s Golang is its built-in standard library. Having a standard library in its side, Go executes tests fast.

#5 Static Analysis Tools

Google’s GO static analysis tools got numerous advantages. According to Go’s suggested style, its gofmt formats code. Through this process of suggested style, the backend web development team can prioritize other work instead of following code’s doing. 

#6 Garbage Collection

In comparison to C and C++, Google’s Go memory management is easy. Also, the garbage collected objects are dynamically allocated while using arithmetic pointers.

#7 Concurrency Model

Believe it or not, concurrent programming is labeled a little difficult. But with the help of Go, it makes it easy to use. Thus, resulting in the creation of complex patterns. 

With it, let us now come to what is the fight between both of these languages meant for backend web development. 

Nodejs vs Golang- Which One Is Better

Now that we have gathered a quick understanding of the benefits of Languages, it is time to dig deeper and figure out the best one.

Nodejs vs Golang- Factors Affecting The Language Choice

  1. Performance
  2. Maturity
  3. Real-life performance
  4. Error handling
  5. Learning curve
  6. Concurrency
  7. Scalability
  8. Development tools
  9. Availability of developers

Let’s compare Go vs Node js performance through the following factors-

Factor 1 – Performance

When it is the question of best performance between Go vs Node, Google’s Go somehow wins the show by rendering as compared to Nodejs which is based on Javascript. Also, Nodejs when comparing in terms of raw performance and computation, Go is the clear winner. 

Factor 2 – Maturity

Google’s Go being introduced in 2007 whereas Nodejs came in the year 2009 share an equal level of maturity and robustness. Meanwhile, Nodejs still has the support of the wider audience on its side. 

But the performance and maturity level wise, both Go and Node.js performance are on the same page. 

Factor 3 – Real-Life Performance

When it comes to real-life performance, both Nodejs and Google’s Go are capable of offering the same level of results at equal speed. 

Factor 4 – Handling Errors

Another point that validates which language is best for backend development is handling errors. Node.js performance is still all about the traditional throw-catch error handling mechanism, one of the most preferred languages among programmers. Due to this traditional approach, the error is displayed and corrected simultaneously before going any ahead. 

Meanwhile, the error handling issue in Google’s Go cannot work without explicit error checking. Due to its compile-time and run-time errors handling mechanism, it becomes difficult for developers to work with it. 

Coming to the error handling factor, Node.js performance is better as compared to Google’s Go.

Factor 5 – Learning Curve

When talking about the learning curve, Nodejs is scoring high as compared to Google’s Go. JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language to make Nodejs easy for learning. Also, JavaScript being in the app development industry from the last many years offers online and offline resources to help newbies in the line. 

On the other hand, Go is a new lad in comparison to Nodejs with specific concepts, rules, processes, interfaces, and pointers. Apart from that, it has fewer resources available online and offline. Thus, it becomes a little difficult for developers to get handy information. 

Factor 6 – Concurrency

The comparison between Nodejs vs Golang makes the latter one wins when it comes to concurrency. Concurrency is on the side of Go making it a suitable option for big software projects. Using a lightweight thread communication mechanism, Go makes developers run functions concurrently. 

Meanwhile, Nodejs, on the other hand, makes the use of single-thread and event-callback mechanism. The practice makes it mandatory to opt for linear order which works as a hindrance for concurrency.

Factor 7- Scalability 

Next in the line is scalability which makes Go win from Nodejs. Go gets its edge due to Goroutines as its major asset that helps in handling parallel threads efficiently. However, it is not the case with Nodejs. Nodejs is a little scalable which flunked it from large projects. 

Between Go vs Node, here the clear winner is Google Go. 

Factor 8 – Tools For Development

Because Go is a new language in comparison with Nodejs, it lacks when it comes to tools that are available with the latter one. Google’s Go does come up with a set of libraries and packages but still, it does not beat Nodejs. 

Also, Go asks for the first-hand experience in the manual configuration for developing projects. On the other hand, we have Nodejs flaunting its array of tools, frameworks, and libraries for app variants. Also, the latter one does have a huge community for all the extended support meant for development tasks. 

Hence, here the clear winner is nothing but Nodejs.

Read Also- 11 best Golang frameworks for 2020

Factor 9 – Availability Of Developers

Nodejs being in the app development industry for a longer run than Google’s Go takes the privilege of more developers. 

Though Go is newer in the market with fewer developers but it does have a bright future ahead of it. 

So, when it comes to comparison between Nodejs and Google’s Go, Nodejs is again the winner. 

Nodejs vs Golang- Who Is The Winner?

Both languages have a set of factors to make them succeed in the market. 

If we talk about Google’s Go, the language secured its position for top-of-the-line productivity and multi-core power use whereas Nodejs is the apt choice for backend web development technologies.

Here are examples of companies showing how these technologies are making an impact on their business.

What Is The List Of Companies Using Nodejs And Golang?

companies using Nodejs
companies using Golang

Final Words

Nodejs vs Golang languages are getting more competitive with the passage of time. Both languages are in demand for different purposes due to their set of strengths and weaknesses. Hence, your choice of languages will solely depend upon the requirement of your project.

Meanwhile, if you still have doubts, we are just a click away. Contact us for expert advice!

Omji Mehrotra
Omji Mehrotra

Co-Founder and AVP Technology at Appventurez. An accomplished Android and React Native developer who is a fan of clean and optimized code, he is a passionate team builder having smart project managerial skills and has a deep love to provide end to end solution.

⚡️ by Appventurez

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