An Essential Mobile App Backend Development Guide

There is no denying that the effectiveness of the mobile app development process majorly depends on using different technologies to meet varied business objectives. However, with the advent of the latest technologies and globalization, the way we use see mobile app development is witnessing a change. This is the reason, apps these days are more […]

Updated 13 October 2023

Ashish Chauhan
Ashish Chauhan

Global Delivery Head at Appventurez

There is no denying that the effectiveness of the mobile app development process majorly depends on using different technologies to meet varied business objectives.

However, with the advent of the latest technologies and globalization, the way we use see mobile app development is witnessing a change. This is the reason, apps these days are more interactive making users perform things and tasks smoothly and that too in a customized way.

The discussion around an app that gives a seamless experience to the user is incomplete without referring to the mobile app backend architecture. 

Reading this guide cum article can help you understand what makes Backend development so important along with looking at the software stacks for its architecture and tools meant for developing a strong backend process.

But before indulging into the software stacks and tools arena, let us first figure out what a Backend server for mobile applications means and how it is very different from mobile frontend development.

Frontend vs Backend development

An app consists of two essential parts – the front end and the back end. Frontend allows users to interact with the app or a service and include colors, animations, text, etc. Overall, it adds value to the user experience while engaging users in the app by meeting their expectations. 

On the other hand, backend development for mobile applications enables the core working of the application. It includes things like servers, databases, middleware, etc.

Both frontend and Backend development are two different sides of a coin. And if you ask a developer how frontend and backend development are different from each other, their answer would be Frontend uses code to make an app pretty, presentable, and appealing whereas Backend is all about writing codes to make the app work accordingly.

But this one-liner is not enough for understanding the whole concept, for there are several underlying things that both Frontend and Backend development processes are based on. Processes that form the KRAs of the developers working on both sides of the app.

Let’s figure out the processes that both sides of the development process entail by the face of the work that the respective developer does further in this mobile app backend development guide.

What does a Frontend Developer do?

A frontend developer is responsible for translating the app’s designs to a code that is required to display it properly on the browser. 

The job of doing the same grows even more demanding with the introduction of responsive web design. The developer is required to look at all the parameters to ensure that the look of the app is supporting all the current browsers’ and various mobile platforms. Meanwhile, they are also meant to note how the design of the app is looking at other computer resolutions and browser widths. 

In short, every inch and corner of the app is meant to be absolutely perfect, presentable, and precisely detailed.

Now the question which arises here is what makes mobile app frontend possible? 

Well, this is where the backend makes the grand entry, holding the hands of a backend app developer.

A backend developer is someone responsible for the mobile app server-related tasks, which require connecting the overall content and plugins one sees on the app to the CMS. They are also involved in the process of logic development needed for making every element of the application work exactly as they are intended to.

With the definitions and surface-level KRAs of both the developers’ types now touched on in our mobile app backend development guide, let us look at the difference between both Frontend developers and Backend developers, visually.

Frontend vs Backend Developer

Now that we have looked into the difference in both processes from the POV of the respective developers, let us focus on the part that makes engines an application – Backend development. Starting with how backend architecture and backend server for mobile app works.

In layman’s terms, Backend development is about making the mobile applications work as it is intended to. And driving the whole mechanism of the activity is a set of tools and frameworks that are denoted as a ‘Software Stack’.

Backend’s Software Stack

Instead of making the concept complex and technically complicated, let me simplify it by breaking the backend’s software stack into four main components – Database, Server, Software, and Operating System.

Here are the details about each of the components in this mobile app backend development guide-

Servers – The machinery

Whether your backend is on-site or in the cloud, the servers act as the soul and essence of the network. High-powered computers render resources that networks require to run. These shared resources might consist of file storage, encryption, emails, databases, security, and web services.

Backend Development & Frameworks in Server Side Software

Databases – The intelligence

Databases are the brains that make an application dynamic. Whenever the user requests the application, the databases get accountable for accepting the command, fetching the data, and returning it to the app.

Relational vs Non-relational databases

Middleware – The Plumbing

Middleware can be described as software on the server whose role is to connect the application’s front end to its back end. It pipes the connectivity with the client and the server and can be multi-layered in both ways – The business layer or the presentation layer.

What is middleware

Also, Middleware allows cloud applications and on-premise applications to interact along with offering services like error handling and data integration. A well-organized and systematic middleware can boost authentication, engagement, business process management, content management, and many more things.


APIs – the most crucial part of Backend Programming

Not touching the concept of APIs is like finishing our mobile app backend development guide half done. 

API simply connects software, applications, services, and databases altogether that too seamlessly. APIs play an integral role in building server-side software architectures along with allowing the software to communicate and for the data to be transferred.

So four main components lay the foundation of mobile app backend development.

With that answered it is now time to cover the best backend technologies for mobile apps.

*The criteria that we have set to help shortlist the best of the many available technologies and frameworks in the market is the probability of usage irrespective of the project size.

Web server tools


Created in 1999, Apache is an open-source web server and is currently used by half of the websites among all operating on the world wide web. Apache is said to be one of the proven and reliable tools in the web server industry.


NGINX is another open-source software meant for reverse proxying, web serving, load balancing, media streaming, catching, and many more. It also takes charge and acts like a proxy server for email (SMTP, IMAP, POP3) and a reverse proxy along with a load balancer for HTTP, UDP, and TCP servers.



Open source object-relational database system, PostgreSQL has earned a solid reputation among backend developers for correctness, data integrity along with reliability.


The free and open-source database system, MongoDB is famous for helping in saving data in binary JSON format, making the process of passing the data between client and server easier and smoother.


One of the most popular open-source relational databases, MySQL, is easy to set up, scales fast and most importantly, is free. This is the reason, many developers find it quite suitable for their multi-sized projects.

Git Clients & Services

GitHub Client

GitHub client was made to minimize the cost of developing the app on multiple platforms. Their client along with Electron provides developers to write a cross-platform desktop application by using CSS, JavaScript, and HTML along with offering a cross-platform experience that is 100% customizable and open source.


SourceTree helps in simplifying the whole process of how developers interact with their Mercurial and GIT repositories. The tool also makes repositories more intuitive, allowing you to focus solely on coding.

Local Development Environments


This tool provides a faster and easier way to spin up an isolated Windows development while allowing users to install it as software. Meanwhile, the platform comes pre-installed with many applications like Apache, Composer, MariaDB/MySQL, Node.js, and PHP.


XAMPP is an open-source, cross-platform web server solution stack that comes up with the Apache distribution which consists of MariaDB, Perl, and PHP stored in one downloadable file. BONUS- The tool is extremely easy to install apart from using it.


WampServer, an open-source local development environment tool allows mobile app-building companies to create web applications with the help of Apache, MySQL, and PHP databases. Moreover, this platform is decked up with PhpMyAdmin and SQLite to manage databases.

Microservice Platform


It is an open-source platform putting microservices on the chart offering developers and testers easy-to-use and fast packaging, deployment mechanism along with distribution to build compartmentalized apps. Meanwhile, it also provides an ecosystem of tools like cloud service, native clustering, and registry service.


Kubernetes is an open-source platform meant for container cluster management offering a platform for scaling, automating deployment, and also for the operation of application containers across the cluster of various hosts.

Collaboration Services


Asana is a SaaS platform that is designed for helping teams to work even more effectively. Meanwhile, it also focuses on allowing users to manage tasks and projects online without the need to use email.


One of the most popular cloud-based messaging & collaboration apps Slack has revolutionized the way through which enterprises communicate. 


Jira is another web-based project management platform tool that uses the Kanban and scrum paradigms to manage projects.

As we have reached the end of the piece, we hope the complete guide on mobile app backend development help impart value to you for your future projects.

Ashish Chauhan
Ashish Chauhan

Global Delivery Head at Appventurez

Ashish governs the process of software delivery operations. He ensures the end product attains the highest remarks in qualitative analysis and is streamlined to the clientele’s objectives. He has over a decade of experience as an iOS developer and teams mentorship.

Fill in the Details and Let Us Get Back to You

Our team looks forward to hearing from you and
these details will help us to get back

Join the global innovators

Global innovators

    Do you need an NDA first?